https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/issue/feed International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews 2024-06-09T22:14:23+07:00 Assoc. Prof. Dr. Sanya Kenaphoom dr.keninstitute@gmail.com Open Journal Systems <p><strong>International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews </strong></p> <p><strong>Old ISSN 2774-0366 (Online): New ISSN 2985-2730 (Online)</strong></p> <p><strong>Crossref Member name: Dr. Ken Institute of Academic Development and Promotion<br />DOI prefix (Crossref): 10.60027</strong></p> <h1><a href="https://docs.google.com/document/d/1Iq97FmQkaGOzJzXTsxJifq00vBXdIYxRK2zTn828KKM/edit#heading=h.tzb9xiqmpay7" target="_blank" rel="noopener">ThaiJO User Manual</a> </h1> <h3>Publishing Policy - Aims and Scope</h3> <p>The journal deals with sociologies and anthropologies science reviews, which publish research articles, academic articles, and/ or review articles. The following areas are covered in the Journal; </p> <ul> <li>Sociologies</li> <li>Anthropologies</li> <li>Humanities</li> <li>Social Sciences</li> <li>Education</li> <li>Business Administration</li> <li>Politics</li> <li>Public Administration</li> <li>Development</li> <li>Tourism</li> <li>Other areas of Social Sciences</li> </ul> <p>The article contributes to the development of the concepts, and theories, as well as new knowledge for developing the community and society. Serves as a medium for disseminating and exchanging academic knowledge between researchers, academics, developers, educational personnel, and generally interested people, such as being the source of dissemination into the research results of graduate students and academics both in the country and abroad. Encouraging researchers, scholars, developers, and interested people to create research and academic papers to benefit developing countries.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Type of Articles</strong></p> <p>1. Research Article is a report of the results of a systematic study, research, or development.</p> <p>2. An Academic Article is a work of writing an interesting topic in which the author presents new knowledge by using theories, concepts, and related research results as information sources.</p> <p>3. Review Article is an article that combines theories, concepts, and research results on many subjects, the author will synthesize the literature in order to compile it into a conclusion or argument on a particular matter, which is a review of the academic progress of that matter.</p> <p> </p> <h3>Publication Frequency</h3> <p>Release scheduled of Six issues per year: </p> <ul> <li class="show">Issue 1 January – February</li> <li class="show">Issue 2 March – April</li> <li class="show">Issue 3 May-June</li> <li class="show">Issue 4 July-August</li> <li class="show">Issue 5 September – October</li> <li class="show">Issue 6 November– December</li> </ul> <p><strong>Journal Specific Requirements</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show">Research articles, academic articles, review articles, and book reviews, which have a reference list.</li> <li class="show">The articles which will be selected must contain content that is of social interest and academic value.</li> <li class="show">The articles must not be translated articles or interview articles.</li> <li class="show">All published articles are academically reviewed by 2 or 3 peer reviews.</li> <li class="show">Any academic comments of articles published in this journal belong to the author, if the rights and freedoms of others are violated, the author is personally responsible.</li> <li class="show">The editor of the journal does not reserve the right to refer to the contents of this journal in other writings.</li> </ul> https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/3869 The Capabilities of Medical Equipment to Response in Public Health Events at Chongqing Market 2024-06-09T11:01:15+07:00 Ziyue Sheng szy511890059@gmail.com <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> From this new crown pneumonia epidemic, it can be found that the existing system is still unable to meet the needs of emergencies such as public health. It is necessary to do a good job of system reserves for the accessibility of drugs and medical devices from the level of laws and regulations. This needs to be sorted out to achieve accessibility. The existing regulations and systems should be improved to meet the needs of medical device use in public health and other emergencies. However, medical devices cannot fully meet clinical needs due to factors such as long research and development and inspection cycles, wide applicable standards, insufficient production capacity, and cumbersome review processes. In public health emergencies, medical devices that serve as auxiliary or direct treatment play a crucial role and play an indispensable role. Therefore, whether medical devices can function safely and effectively has become a determining principle. By conducting procedural testing on a specific medical device in public health emergencies in 2022, the qualification status of such medical devices can be more clearly and intuitively analyzed, And the specific problems with unqualified medical devices, and these medical devices during this period based on the obtained data.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>Safety testing of medical devices used in 8 public health events using Chinese national standards</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> 87% of the samples meet national standards and pass the inspection</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Laws and regulations need to be improved, there are hidden dangers in regulation, the ability of regulatory teams needs to be improved, medical device enterprises have problems, medical devices should strictly follow national standards, and the public should actively participate in medical device regulation</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4083 A Construction of Evaluation Index Model for the Sustainable Development of Volleyball in University, Shaanxi Province, the People’s Republic of China 2024-06-09T11:01:09+07:00 Da Huo sev7enblue@163.com Chanchai Siriphan siriphan.cs@gmail.com <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> Volleyball is an important part of university sports. Regular participation in volleyball cannot only cultivate people's good sportsmanship, team spirit of unity and cooperation, and excellent qualities of tenacious struggle but also cultivate people's information awareness and improve coordination and adaptability. This research was to construct the evaluation index model for the sustainable development of volleyball in university, Shaanxi Province, the People’s Republic of China.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>This research is mixed methods research type. The participants in this research can be divided into four groups, which are as follows: (1) 370 students and 10 teachers from 3 universities in Shaanxi China were chosen to engage in responding to the questionnaires; (2) 7 experts were invited to in-depth interview; (3) 19 experts were invited to conduct two-round Delphi study; and (4) 9 experts were invited to discuss and confirm the constructed evaluation index model for the sustainable development of volleyball in university, Shaanxi Province, the People’s Republic of China. The average and standard deviation are utilized to analyze the data obtained from the questionnaire, the consensus data is analyzed by using the median and interquartile range, with criteria set at a median of ≥ 3.50 and an interquartile range of ≤ 1.50.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> the model of evaluation index for volleyball sustainable development in University, Shaanxi China consists of the 4 first-level indicators classified by the theory of sustainable development, namely (A) survival support subsystem; (B) development motivation support subsystem; (C) social security support subsystem; and (D) intellectual Support Subsystem, 12 second-level indicators and 33 third-level indicators.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion:</strong> the evaluation index model for the sustainable development of volleyball in university, Shaanxi Province, the People’s Republic of China consists of the 4 first-level indicators classified by the theory of sustainable development,12 second-level indicators, and 33 third-level indicators. The content and application of this model have been evaluated and confirmed by 9 experts<strong>.</strong></p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4089 The Effect of Specific Training Programs to Improve Agility and Flexibility of Wushu Taolu Athletes 2024-06-09T11:01:03+07:00 Chao Li 541956475@qq.com Chanchai Siriphan siriphan.cs@gmail.com <p><strong>Background and Aim: </strong>In the realm of Wushu sports, the essential professional attributes of a Wushu Taolu athlete encompass flexibility and agility. In contemporary Wushu Taolu training, there is a prevailing emphasis on achieving the intricacies of captivating aesthetics, often neglecting the foundational skills of Wushu Taolu. Consequently, many Wushu athletes encounter a range of issues. The absence of fundamental skills can result in a deficiency in the physical aptitude of Wushu Taolu athletes, leading to inadequate execution of movements, a lack of fluidity, and subpar completion quality. These shortcomings can adversely impact the overall sports proficiency of athletes. This study aims to address this by concentrating on the development and implementation of a training program specifically targeting the basic skills of Wushu Taolu, to significantly enhance the agility and flexibility of Wushu Taolu athletes.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>This study is an experimental study. The participants of this study are 30 Wushu Taolu athletes from Northwest Normal University, 8 professional Wushu coaches, 4 teachers of Wushu direction in professional sports colleges and universities, and 3 professors in the direction of physical training, which makes a total of 15 experts. This study used focus groups to develop and improve training programs through expert interviews and experimental analysis with an IOC value of 0.82. This study mainly used ANOVA to analyze the results of the pre-test, 4 weeks post-test, and post-test.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results showed that the flexibility and agility of Wushu Taolu athletes were effectively improved by seated forward body flexion and T-word agility test after specific Wushu basic training, and the improvement of flexibility and agility can help athletes to improve their sports level and get better performance in the competition.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion: </strong>After 8 weeks of Wushu training, these 30 Wushu Taolu athletes were tested again for agility and flexibility. The study analyzed the differences and effects of agility and flexibility before and after training. The comparison between before and after training fully proved that basic Wushu training can effectively improve the agility and flexibility of Wushu sparring athletes.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4088 Strategies for Integrating Technology into Physical Education Pedagogy in the 21st Century 2024-06-09T11:01:06+07:00 Zhaoxi Li xixi9229220@163.com Saknasan Jintasakul surat.jin@gmail.com Prakit Hongsaenyatham prakitsport@gmail.com <p><strong>Background and Aim: </strong>In the educational environment of the twenty-first century, the incorporation of technology has become a key factor in driving pedagogical innovation and improving the quality of education. This study aims to assess the implementation of technology integration in physical education identify the problems it faces, to propose strategies to enhance the integration of technology in physical education.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>Firstly, the study sorted out the current situation and development trend of technology application in physical education through a literature review. Next, the study collected the views and practical experiences of experts from 7 universities in Yunnan Province, China, on the integration of technology into teaching strategies through expert interviews. The results of the expert interviews with the 7 experts were summarized and analyzed using Nvivo for textual data, and all the interview texts were coded hierarchically through the rooted theory approach. Based on the coding results, the index system of the components of technology integration into physical education pedagogy strategies was drafted, and 5 experts were selected for IOC evaluation. Then, 20 experts conducted the Delphi method, and after two rounds of Delphi analysis the experts reached a consensus, and the system of indicators of the constituent elements of technology integration into physical education pedagogy strategies was finally established. Finally, the strategies were further discussed and evaluated through focus groups with 9 experts.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Through this study, a strategy for integrating technology into physical education pedagogy in the 21st century was finally established in five dimensions: teaching and learning environment, teaching and learning resources, services and management, monitoring and evaluation, and challenges and strategies.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The results of the study showed that experts agreed on the feasibility of the strategy of integrating technology into physical education pedagogy and the scientific and reliable nature of the proposed strategy.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/3996 The Development of Guidelines for Success Cheerleading Teaching in Primary Students, Yichun City, China 2024-06-09T11:01:12+07:00 Zixiao Li 972007987@qq.com <p><strong>Background And Aim:</strong> Cheerleading and primary school physical education are in accord with each other, which helps to enrich primary school physical activities and improve students' physical quality and mental outlook.</p> <p><strong>Material and methods:</strong> The purpose of this study is to develop guidelines for successful cheerleading development for primary students in Yichun City. The research subjects of this article are primary school students and teachers in 5 primary schools in Yichun City. The sample totaled 338 people, and 20 experts were selected using the snowball method; 200 primary school students; 37 teachers; and 81 parents were selected using the random sampling method. Ten experts were selected to assist in the design of three questionnaires. The content validity of the research instrument (IOC=0.93) was assessed by another 10 experts. Relevant data were collected through questionnaires.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Through research, it is concluded that four factors affect the development of cheerleading in primary schools in Yichun City: 1. Campus factors; 2. Student factors; 3. Teacher factors; 4. External factors. These four factors should be improved to enhance the development of cheerleading in primary schools in Yichun City.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Based on the results of qualitative research and empirical analysis, the paper obtains the results of influencing factors of cheerleading in primary schools in Yichun City, and puts forward feasible suggestions for cheerleading in primary schools in Yichun City.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4184 The Effect of SAQ Training Program to Improve Table Tennis Skills of High School Students in Shanxi Province 2024-06-09T11:53:44+07:00 Tinglei Liang 654099231@qq.com Chanchai Siriphan Chanchai.Sir@bkkthon.ac.th Prakit Hongsaenyatham Prakit.Hon@bkkthon.ac.th Nutchanat Khachornumpaisook Nutchanat.Kha@bkkthon.ac.th <p><strong>Background and Aims:</strong> Table tennis originated in Britain in the late 19<sup>th</sup> century and was popular in Europe. It was first known as "Table Tennis". Because table tennis changes many, strong interests, the field facilities requirements are not high, not limited by age, gender, and physical quality, so it has a good development. Table tennis is one of the most popular sports in China. Table tennis training must begin in school until adulthood to have good knowledge and expertise in tennis skills. It also requires proper physical fitness to play. Table tennis is a sport that requires speed. agility and good coordination of the nervous system and body will be able to respond to fast-paced sports games. Therefore, the researcher is interested in studying SAQ exercises. The objectives are as follows: (1) To study the effects of the SAQ training program to improve the Table Tennis skills of High school students. (2) To develop an SAQ training program to improve the Table Tennis skills of High school students. (3) To compare the effects of the SAQ training program to improve the Table Tennis skills of High school students.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The population used was five classes of 5th-grade high school students in Yinzhou in Shanxi Province. By randomly selecting 1 class from 5 classes, a sample group of 40 people.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results of the SAQ training program to develop table tennis skills of high school students, it was found that after training with SAQ for 8 weeks Table tennis skills and Agility were better than before training. A comparison of the results of the table tennis skills test in post-training was better than the pre-training test (t 12.176, p ≤.000) and Results of the agility test the post-training test was better than the pre-training test (t 10.335, p ≤.000) at.05 levels of significance.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The findings underscore the positive impact of an 8-week SAQ training program on high school students' table tennis skills and agility. The statistically significant improvements in both table tennis skills and agility post-training highlight the efficacy of incorporating SAQ methodologies in enhancing the overall performance of young table tennis athletes.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4011 Chinese Language Education under the Integration of Chinese and Thai Languages and Cultures 2024-06-09T11:53:53+07:00 Dong Xiao 460280817@qq.com Chunlai Tian 17787957628@163.com <p><strong>Background and Aims: </strong>This article analyzes the development process of Chinese education in Thailand and compares its different characteristics regarding Chinese cultural inheritance and language dissemination with other Southeast Asian countries. It is believed that the integration of Buddhist and Confucian cultures between China and Thailand, as well as Thailand's harmonious and inclusive ethnic policies and cultural environment, are the main reasons for the steady development of Chinese education in Thailand. In the language and cultural integration process between China and Thailand, there has also been a certain degree of excessive and cross-border integration. "Moderate integration" and "excessive integration" constitute the characteristics of Thai Chinese language education, and their dual characteristics jointly influence the progress of Thai Chinese language education.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> Using the literature research method and induction by looking at the literature to summarize the viewpoints proposed by relevant scholars. Conduct an extensive review of existing literature on language education, focusing on Chinese and Thai languages and cultures. Analyze academic papers, textbooks, and relevant educational materials to identify effective strategies for language integration. Evaluate existing Chinese language education curricula and materials in both China and Thailand. Identify commonalities and differences, and explore ways to integrate elements that reflect both Chinese and Thai cultures.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The vigorous development of Thai Chinese education is closely related to integrating Chinese, Thai Buddhist, and Confucian cultures, as well as Thailand's harmonious and inclusive ethnic policies and cultural environment. This is a positive manifestation of Thai-Chinese education's "moderate integration" and a proper interpretation of Thai-Chinese education under the premise of integration. However, there has also been a certain degree of excessive and cross-border integration of language and culture between China and Thailand, resulting in negative impacts such as Chinese language variation, structural imbalance in teaching systems, and a lack of competitive environment for the Chinese language.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The sorting out of the joint representation of "moderate integration" and "excessive integration" in Thai Chinese education reflects and abandons the survival mode and cultural landscape inherited and condensed by Thai Chinese education over a long period in the historical evolution.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4106 Designing a Fundamental Movement Training Program to Improve Basketball Skills in Elementary Schools’ Student 2024-06-09T11:53:48+07:00 Guiqiao Chen 874323786@qq.com Wisute Tongdecharoen wisute.ton@bkkthon.ac.th Yurasin Wattanapayungkul Yurasin.wat@bkkthon.ac.th <p>Background and Aim: Elementary school children have a strong curiosity and basketball is one of the most interesting sports for them. At the same time, basketball has a large number of complex movements, and the level of proficiency is often indicative of the level of skill. Therefore, this research was to design a fundamental movement training program and study the effects of a fundamental movement training program on basketball skills in primary school students, by comparing basketball skills in primary school students before training, after 3 weeks of training, and after 6 weeks of training.</p> <p>Materials and Methods: This study is an experimental type of study to improve basketball skills by training 30 primary school students in fundamental movement skills. The duration for training is 6 weeks, 5 days a week, 80 minutes of training per day, through the test data before the experiment, after 3 weeks, after the test, through statistical analysis.</p> <p>Results: The steady increase in basketball skill scores of the 30 primary school students aged 8-10 years old who participated in the basketball classes tested before, after three weeks, and after six weeks of the experiment can be concluded that fundamental movement training improves the basketball skills of primary school students.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;">Conclusion: In this experiment, compare mean comparison of TGMD, shooting, Dribbling, and Passing with pre-test After 3 weeks and post-test by way of ANOVA repeated measurement and post hoc with Bonferroni. Through the statistical analysis of the results of this experiment, we will find that they compared with the match pair of TGMD in shooting, dribbling, and passing. All pairs showed significant differences and each value steadily increases with training. So, fundamental movement training can effectively improve the efficiency of learning basketball skills.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4079 Effects of Dry Land Speed Training on 100-Meter Freestyle Swimming in Adolescent Swimming 2024-06-09T13:42:42+07:00 Daqian Zhang 359923809@qq.com Chanchai Siriphan siriphan.cs@gmail.com <p><strong>Background and Aim: </strong>The specific strength development in swimming tends to start at a younger age, so it becomes particularly important to conduct effective Specific strength training during adolescence. It is essential to utilize training methods and means that align with the developmental characteristics of Specific strengths in young swimmers. Thus, this study has developed a specific dry-land training program to enhance the 100-meter freestyle swimming speed of adolescent swimmers.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> This study selected 30 male adolescent swimmers from the Shaanxi Provincial Swimming Team and divided them into an experimental group and a control group (15 individuals in each group) based on their 100-meter freestyle speed. Both groups underwent a 12-week training intervention, with 12 training sessions per week, each lasting 2 hours. The total training time and water-based training content were the same for both groups, but the content of dry-land training differed. The experimental group followed a specific dry-land training program, while the control group followed a traditional training program. Comprehensive tests were conducted before and after the 12-week training intervention for both groups, using the physical fitness and test scores of swimmers in the experimental and control groups as research indicators. Experimental and analytical methods, including experimental and statistical methods, were employed to conduct a targeted study on the changes in physical fitness and test scores before and after the training.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>show that after 12 weeks of training, the scores for both groups are as follows: Pull-ups (Experimental group: P=0.000&lt;0.01, Control group: P=0.777&gt;0.05), Vertical jump (Experimental group: P=0.032&lt;0.05, Control group: P=0.848&gt;0.05), Abdominal muscle endurance (Experimental group: P=0.000&lt;0.01, Control group: P=0.396&gt;0.05), and Back muscle endurance (Experimental group: P=0.004&lt;0.01, Control group: P=0.583&gt;0.05). The post-test results reveal that swimmers in the experimental group performed significantly better in pull-ups, vertical jumps, abdominal muscle endurance, and back muscle endurance compared to the control group.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The specialized training program effectively increased the upper limb strength of the participants, with no significant advantage over the traditional training program.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4159 Application of Virtual Reality Program to Improve Individual Skills for Soccer Players 2024-06-09T13:42:37+07:00 Xiaoping Ai 137186668@qq.com Wisute Tongdecharoen wisute.ton@bkkthon.ac.th Thongchat Phucharoen Thongchat.phu@bkkthon.ac.th <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> This study takes the application of VR technology in soccer training as the research object and is expected to achieve the following research objectives: 1. To study the influence of VR technology on soccer heading and 、free kick and shooting accuracy of college soccer. 2. To compare the mean values between the experimental group and the control group.3. To compare the mean values within the experimental group; pre-test, after the 3<sup>rd</sup> and 9<sup>th</sup> weeks.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>This paper utilizes the literature method, experimental method, mathematical statistics method, questionnaire method, and scale measurement method to study the application of VR technology in soccer training. 48 sophomore students in the 2020 soccer option class of Nanchang University were randomly divided into the VR experimental group (22), and the control group (26). After a 9-week experimental study, we successfully completed the experimental procedures, The data obtained from the questionnaire survey and experiments were analyzed and interpreted in depth using the SPSS software package. Descriptive statistics, t-tests, and analysis of variance were mainly used to analyze the collected information. and drew the following conclusions through the statistics and analysis of the experimental results:</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> 1. Soccer heading, free kick, and shooting accuracy were selected as the experimental indexes to test the personal technical ability of soccer players. In a comparison between the experimental and control groups, the VR experimental group showed highly significant differences in soccer heading, free kicks and shooting accuracy after 9 weeks of instructional training (p &lt;0.001).2.The results of the paired t-test in the experimental group showed that: there was a highly significant difference between the pre and post-experimental comparisons of soccer heading, free kicks and shooting accuracy(p &lt; 0 .001).3.The results of the questionnaire for the Emotional Interest in Sport Scale showed that: at the end of the experiment, the VR training group scored higher than the control group on all questionnaires with a highly significant difference(p &lt; 0 .001).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>1. The experimental group compared with the control group, individual soccer skills in the first phase of the traditional teaching after the progress of gall is not obvious; after the second phase of the VR technology teaching after the progress is very obvious, all three data show a highly significant difference.2. Both the experimental data and the survey investigation data show that the improvement of self-confidence and the improvement of individual soccer skills in real-life performance of the students in the experimental group before and after the experiment are very obvious.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4149 The Development of Sport Culture Indicators for Sports Avenue 2024-06-09T20:51:59+07:00 Jingwen Zhao 195809433@qq.com Phattaraphon Mahakhan paulsport@gmail.com Prakit Hongsaenyatham prakitsport@gmail.com <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> China has officially entered a new era of reform, marking that the construction of university sports culture has also ushered in a new era and new challenges. Therefore, this research aims to develop the sports culture indicators for sports avenues.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>The expert group members of this study are mainly university physical education teachers in Xi’an, leaders of Xi' a Sports Bureau, and grass-roots front-line teachers. All the selected experts have a rich theoretical basis and practical experience in constructing campus sports culture. Five people were selected by IOC, 25 people were selected by Cronbach reliability test, 19 experts by Delphi method, and 122 people for empirical research. Hierarchical Analysis YAAHP6.0 software is used to calculate the weight and consistency of each index and data processing of Fuzzy Comprehensive Evaluation Method Matlab software is used to analyze the data.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The evaluation index system of university sports culture construction in Xi'an is constructed. The first-level indicators include sports spirit and culture, sports material culture, sports system culture, and sports behavior culture. The secondary index includes 9 aspects. There are 24 three-level indicators, covering all key aspects of the construction of campus sports culture.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The evaluation index system proposed in this study is comprehensive, systematic, and scientific, which can provide effective tools for the evaluation and decision-making of the sports culture construction in Xi'an universities. The evaluation index system is scientific, systematic, and practical.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4100 Comprehensive Method for Testing and Evaluating the Motor Skills of Children in Guangzhou City 2024-06-09T20:52:18+07:00 Changsheng Lyu zhaoyingqi12@gmail.com <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> Motor skill evaluation of 5-6-year-old children is a hot topic in current research. The objective of this research was to construct a test for measuring and evaluating the motor skills of preschool children.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> Research component one constructs the motor skill ability testing program for 5-6-year-old children. This part is composed of 17 experts, through the survey of 17 experts, to construct the motor skill ability testing scheme for 5-6-year-old children; Research content II, to validate the motor skill ability testing scheme for 5-6-year-old children constructed in this study.</p> <p><strong>Result</strong><strong>:</strong> The results show (1) After analyzing the experts' questionnaires, the mobility class indicators were determined as: 15.2m running, two-legged continuous jumping, one-legged continuous jumping; throwing movement skills were determined as: overhand tennis ball throwing, one-handed in-situ ball slapping; and the stability skills were determined as: one-legged standing with eyes open, one-legged standing with eyes closed, walking on the balance beam, and walking in a straight line backward. (2) The results of the experimental test showed that according to the percentile method, first, second, third, fourth, and fifth classes were set. Different age samples will not show significance (p&gt;0.05) for 15.2m fast running, one-legged continuous jumping, overhand tennis ball tossing, one-handed in-situ ball slapping, one-legged in-situ standing with eyes open and walking backward in a straight line totaling 6 items.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> This test can better evaluate the motor skills of children aged 5-6, which will help promote the development of motor skills of children aged 5-6.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/3998 Improvement of Physical Health of Primary School Students in the Haibo Bay Area 2024-06-09T20:53:35+07:00 Xiaoqiang Zhang 2419596969@qq.com <p><strong>Background and Aim: </strong>A healthier population will have a positive impact on the entire community. In recent years, more and more attention has been paid to the physical health of children, but the current physical health of primary school students in the Bay Area is still worrying. Lack of awareness in schools, limited resources, and insufficient attention to physical education are among the major causes of the decline in physical health caused by irregular lifestyles, the increase in electronic products, lack of physical activity and unhealthy eating habits, and the urgent need to implement effective interventions, The aim is to improve the physical health of primary school students in Haibo Bay to ensure that the overall health level of primary school students in Haibo Bay is improved. Thus, the purpose of this study is to find the decline in the physical health of primary school students in Haibu Bay Area, to develop appropriate teaching and training plans to improve the decline in the physical health of primary school students in Haibu Bay Area and to provide reasonable suggestions to improve students' cardiorespiratory endurance, strength, coordination, flexibility, and weight reduction through exercises.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> This study is an experimental study. G*power is used to calculate that the minimum sample size required for the experiment is 40 people (20 men and women each). A total of 80 students (40 men and women each) are recruited for this study. There are 141 students in grade 5. We randomly select 20 male and female students from each class for training as the experimental group (40 people in total), and 20 male and female students from each class as the control group (40 people in total). The experimental group receives systematic teaching training while the control group receives routine training. The data collected before and after the experiment were sorted out and analyzed. SPSSAU statistical software was used to conduct paired sample T-tests for intra-group comparison and paired sample T-tests for inter-group comparison. The statistical results were represented by mean ± standard deviation and the significance level was set as P&lt;0.05, which made the test scores of students more accurate and more conducive to the formulation and implementation of teaching plans. Understand the student's physical condition.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> (1) Through systematic physical education training, the experimental group of men and women had different degrees of improvement than before the experiment, in which weight, 50 meters, one-minute jump rope, one-minute sit-up, and seat body forward bending were the most obvious, and the control group also had improvement, but compared with the experimental group, the improvement was smaller. (2) After systematic physical training, the scores of physical health tests of both male and female students in the experimental group were significantly improved, indicating that systematic physical training has a positive effect on improving the physical health of primary school students. And (3) After systematic physical training, the physical health scores of both men and women in the experimental group were higher than those of the control group. It shows that the systematic teaching and training method is more effective than the conventional teaching and training method.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> the systematic physical education training employed in the study yielded notable improvements in various fitness parameters for both male and female primary school students. The experimental group exhibited superior enhancements compared to the control group, highlighting the efficacy of the systematic teaching and training approach. These findings underscore the positive impact of structured physical education programs in enhancing the overall physical health and fitness of young students.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4059 Perspective Physical Exercise of Students' Health and Fitness in Xi'an Physical Education University 2024-06-09T20:52:55+07:00 Xueyan Hu 561637981@qq.com Thongchat Phucharoen thongchat.phu@bkkthon.ac.th <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> The university stage is a crucial period for promoting the healthy development of adolescents, and it also plays a pivotal role in cultivating exercise habits among undergraduate students. However, in the realm of exercise, we have observed a declining trend in proactive engagement, with students lacking access to a systematic exercise program to guide them. To address these issues and enhance the health and well-being of undergraduate students in Xi'an while simultaneously reducing anxiety, our goal was to develop an exercise program that can help students enhance their physical fitness and alleviate anxiety. Our ultimate aim is to foster the healthy growth of undergraduates by improving their physical fitness and reducing anxiety through a well-designed exercise regimen.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> First review physical fitness of low physical fitness and high anxiety of 1000 students at Xi'an Physical Education University. Survey anxiety of 45 students from university who had high anxiety levels by special sampling method.Result of a physical fitness test and anxiety test.Second semi-structured questionnaire and daft exercise program by experts’ deep interview. Next, we conduct an experimental exercise program. Finally, we can confirm the exercise program by survey.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> Through the exercise programs we designed, we successfully increased students' fitness levels and reduced anxiety levels. After the students continued to exercise through this exercise program for eight weeks, the results of all physical fitness test items reached the passing level, and 31 students no longer felt anxious, while the number of students who felt mild anxiety dropped to 14. The findings strongly suggest that through targeted exercise programs, students' physical fitness levels can be significantly improved and help reduce anxiety on a psychological level.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> There are many students whose physical fitness scores are unsatisfactory, unqualified, and anxious. After eight weeks of physical exercise, the anxiety scores of 31 students were within the normal range, and the anxiety scores of 14 students had been reduced to low anxiety.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4000 The Construction of Wushu Teaching Strategy in Higher Education Based on WSR Theory 2024-06-09T20:53:14+07:00 Zhezhe Zhang 824209317@qq.com Prakit Hongsaenyatham prakitsport@gmail.com Chanchai Siriphan Chanchai.Sir@bkkthon.ac.th <p><strong>Background and Aims</strong>: The document of the Ministry of Education pointed out that physical education in colleges and universities should be student-oriented, adopt teaching methods that students are more willing to accept, and get close to life so that participants can feel the charm of martial arts courses, and obtain psychological baptism while learning sports skills. The objective of this study is to construct a promotion strategy of college wushu courses based on WSR theory.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods</strong><strong>:</strong>This research is an investigation based on WSR theory. The participants were divided into three groups :(1) The first group of 7 experts served as a focus group discussion to study the status quo of Wushu elective courses in universities; (2) The second group of 22 experts drafted the promotion strategy model using Delphi method; (3) The third group of 9 experts used appreciation method to confirm the promotion strategy model. The index system was established by means of mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation and P-value. Max, weight, consistency index and consistency ratio were used to determine the index weight.</p> <p><strong>Results</strong><strong>:</strong>The results show that the promotion strategy model of Wushu elective courses in colleges and universities conforms to the Chinese WSR method, which has 39 three-level indicators. There are three first-level indexes, which are Wuli, Shili and Renli. 10 secondary indicators, namely material resources, funding, teachers, training plan, organization, curriculum plan, teaching planning, publicity, cognition, performance; Equipment support and management, the number of venues, the size of the use of 39 three-level indicators.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>This study combines WSR theory to construct the promotion strategy of the wushu course in the college entrance examination, which conforms to the writing idea of scientific research and is recognized by theory and practice.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4085 A Construction of Physical Exercises Program at Home to Improve Physical and Mental Development for the Children with Mental Retardation 2024-06-09T20:52:36+07:00 Tao Wang tyronetao215@163.com Prakit Hongsaenyatham prakitsport@gmail.com Achara Soachalerm soaamy@hotmail.com Huijun Han hhj6657@163.com <p><strong>Background and Aim: </strong>The Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee issued the outline of the Healthy China 2030 plan, and the health problem of the disabled was put forward as one of the key problems to be solved. According to our world in data 2016, there were about 11 million men and 8 million women with children with mental retardation in our country. The incidence of children with mental retardation in our country ranks first among five major countries in the world. Studies had shown that the incidence of overweight and obesity in children with mental retardation was significantly higher than that of normal peers. Coupled with limited intellectual ability, sedentary lifestyle and lack of exercise, lack of social support related to physical exercise, and other factors, being overweight and obese had a great impact on the physical, psychological, and social functions of children with mental retardation, and this impact may continue into adulthood, posing a serious threat to physical and mental health. Therefore, how to promote physical exercises for children with mental retardation, to promote their physical and mental health has become one of the important topics paid attention to by the researchers.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>Some 31experts participated in this study, divided into three groups: the first group consisted of 7 experts who conducted expert interviews; the second group organized 19 experts who used the Delphi method to conduct argumentation; and the third group consisted of 7 experts who appreciated the method. Researched process :(1) Collecting literature; (2) Organizing expert interviews. The influencing factors and environment of family exercises for children were discussed, 191 movements were designed and screened, and the content system of movements for home physical exercises was initially constructed. (3) 19 experts were selected by purposeful sampling method, and three rounds of the questionnaire were used to verify the index system by Delphi method; (4) Verify physical exercises program through connoisseurship; (5) Develop and implement physical exercise programs at home to meet the different psychological needs.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>(1) The content index system of family physical exercise for children with mental retardation was preliminarily established, including 191 action indicators;(2) after two rounds of validation of the expert's Delphi questionnaire, 2 level 2 indicators of the warm-up module and 11 level 3 indicators of physical exercise module were excluded. The mean value of the remaining indicators was &gt;3.5 and CV&lt;0.25, and other indicators were retained; (3) after the connoisseurship by seven experts, the indicator system was finalized, including 3 first-level indicators and 22 second-level indicators in the warm-up module. 5 level 1 indicators, 17 level 2 indicators, and 135 level 3 indicators for the physical exercise module. 3 level 1 indicators and 21 level 2 indicators for the relaxation and stretching module; (4) prepare 5 physical exercise programs with different psychological needs, and practice them.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion</strong>: (1) Starting from the individual level, interpersonal level, and community level, this project highlighted the core status of the children, paid attention to the interaction form and environment maintenance at the community level, and promoted the development of children's sports desire and psychomotor needs. (2) The program cleverly combines professionalism and practicality, ensuring that children with different needs can find the right speed and type of exercise for them at home. Through this program, children with mental retardation cannot only enjoy tailored exercise programs but also receive ongoing motivation and support in interaction and innovation, making health and vitality a goal within reach of every family with exceptional children.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4080 The Development of a Table Tennis Outstanding Program of International Competition for Mixed Doubles 2024-06-09T21:18:59+07:00 Anke Xiao 727621253@qq.com Phattaraphon Mahakhan paulsport@gmail.com <p><strong>Background and Aims: </strong>Table tennis mixed doubles is an emerging event in the Olympic Games. my country's academic community has only begun to study table tennis mixed doubles techniques and tactics in recent years. Research on statistical methods for mixed doubles techniques and tactics is still in the preliminary exploration stage. Based on this, this article aims to explore and use more scientific and effective statistical methods to analyze the techniques and tactics of my country's main opponents in the table tennis mixed doubles event of the Paris Olympic Games, to find technical and tactical statistical methods suitable for the mixed doubles event, and to explore the mixed doubles The characteristics and winning rules of the game provide certain theoretical reference for preparing for the table tennis mixed doubles competition of the 2024 Paris Olympic Games. The objective of this research is to develop a table tennis program for international competitions for mixed doubles.</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> This article mainly uses the four-stage and four-round evaluation method of table tennis mixed doubles technical and tactical statistical methods as the research object, and analyzes the international mixed doubles competition held between November 2021 and August 2023 by four athletes from different countries ranked top two in the world. Analysis and in-depth study of major mixed doubles matches. First, we review previous literature on table tennis doubles technical and tactical statistical methods. Secondly, we searched the literature from authoritative academic platforms at home and abroad in the past 10 years and selected and formulated technical and tactical research methods related to this article. Then, refer to Simi Scout technical and tactical video-related analysis software to study the technical and tactical use, points gained and lost, and competitive ability of the world's outstanding mixed doubles athletes in the game, at the same time. Combining the gender characteristics of table tennis doubles and mixed doubles events, a four-round model of serving and receiving for men and women was established, and a four-stage and four-round evaluation method of technical and tactical statistical methods for table tennis mixed doubles events was established. Finally, the study is summarized and recommendations are made.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The statistical method of "Four Stages and Four Rounds Evaluation Method" used in this article is a new technical and tactical statistical method for table tennis mixed doubles projects based on previous research on table tennis doubles. It is based on both theory and practice. Perspective, it improves the existing technical and tactical statistical indicator system, provides a theoretical reference for winning the gold medal in the table tennis mixed doubles event of the 2024 Paris Olympic Games and the future training and competition of my country's table tennis mixed doubles event, and enhances the overall strength of China's table tennis mixed doubles event., contributing to the continuous development of the world table tennis mixed doubles project</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The main conclusions of this article are as follows: 1. The four-stage and four-round evaluation method of mixed doubles technical and tactical statistical methods is feasible and effective. 2. The eight-round three-stage index evaluation method can specifically analyze the performance of athletes' techniques and tactics in a certain round, but it cannot reflect the use of techniques and tactics by mixed doubles athletes when facing different opponents. 3. The dual-system four-round evaluation method can analyze the advantages and disadvantages of rounds based on the gender differences between men and women, but it does not fundamentally solve the problem of inconsistency in the statistical data of each section. 4. The four-stage and four-round evaluation method can not only analyze the advantages and disadvantages of mixed doubles players according to gender characteristics but also summarize the techniques and tactics used by mixed doubles players when facing different opponents.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4042 Educational Game Teaching Methods on Communicative English Listening and Speaking Abilities for Early Childhood Students 2024-06-09T22:14:23+07:00 Qing Li lq15106372906@163.com Suwana Juithong suwana@vru.ac.th Satsayamon Sangway satsayamon@vru.ac.th <p><strong>Background and Aims: </strong>Early childhood education (ECE) in China has undergone significant transformations, shaped by historical, cultural, and socio-political factors. The foundations of early education in China can be traced back to Confucian traditions, emphasizing moral development and the importance of family and community in transmitting cultural values. This overview explores the historical roots, current practices, challenges, and notable reforms in China's general early childhood education system, providing a comprehensive understanding of its evolution. Thus, the purposes of this research were to:1) To compare the communicative English listening abilities of early childhood students after learning through the educational game teaching method with the criterion determined of 70 percent of the full score. 2) To compare the communicative English speaking abilities of the early childhood students after learning through the educational game teaching method with the criterion determined of 70 percent of the full score. The sample of this study is 30 early childhood students (1 classroom) of Jinshan Xinyuan Preschool Zoucheng City in the academic year of 2023 which was selected by cluster random sampling method.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>The population of this study is 180 early childhood students (6 classrooms), who were enrolled in English courses. The sample of this study is 30 early childhood students (1 classroom) of Jinshan Xinyuan Preschool Zoucheng City in the academic year of 2023 which was selected by cluster random sampling method. Data was collected through listening rubrics and speaking rubrics and SPSS software was used to analyze the collected data, the data used for analysis were the mean value of samples, standard deviation, and single sample t-test.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>The results of the study were as follows: (1) As presented in Table 4.3, the mean scores of students’ English Communicative English Listening Abilities after learning through Learning Management Using the educational game teaching methods were 11.8 and the standard deviation was 1.69. which was statistically higher than the criterion of 70% at a .05 level of statistical significance (t29 =38.25, p<0.05). The data above showed that Learning Management Using the educational game teaching methods was able to enhance the students’ Communicative English Listening Ability. (2) As presented in Table 4.3, the mean scores of students’ Communicative English-Speaking Abilities after learning through Learning Management Using the educational game teaching methods were 14.77 and the standard deviation was 2.65. which was statistically higher than the criterion of 70% at a .05 level of statistical significance (t29=30.54, p=0.000 &lt; .05). The data above showed that Learning Management Using the educational game teaching methods was able to enhance the students’ Communicative English-Speaking Ability.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>According to the research results, we can draw the following conclusions: The average score and standard deviation of the preschool students who adopted the educational game teaching mode were higher than the standard of 70% at the level of statistical significance of 0.05. The educational game teaching method can enhance the preschool students’ Communicative English Listening and Speaking Abilities.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4200 THE The Effect of Peer-Assisted Technique Badminton Teaching Class in Primary School Students 2024-06-09T22:14:18+07:00 Shaohuan Huang 543688874@qq.com Wisute Tongdecharoen Wisute.ton@bkkthon.ac.th <p><strong>Background and Aims:</strong> The need to explore alternative teaching methods in physical education for primary school students. This study likely aims to investigate the impact of incorporating peer-assisted techniques in badminton instruction, seeking to enhance the learning experience and outcomes for primary school students in the context of physical education. Thus, this study aimed to study the effects of peer-assisted badminton teaching selected course to improve learning outcomes in primary school students and to compare the effects of learning outcomes between the pretest and post-test</p> <p><strong>Methodology:</strong> The sample consisted of 40 students from simple random sampling in five badminton classrooms, examined through pretest and post-tests Forehand deep high service skill, Forehand high clear skill, drop shot skill, forehand skill, backhand skill, and satisfaction survey on peer-assisted badminton course teaching. The experiment was conducted by following the peer-assisted badminton teaching selected course, 10 weeks duration. Then the data were prepared and analyzed statistically with a packet computer program to compute the mean and standard deviation and compare teaching achievement using a t-test dependent. (*p&lt;.05)</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> (1) The effects of peer-assisted in badminton teaching selected courses to improve learning outcomes were found in the pretest and post-test of Forehand deep high service skill (11.26+2.59 and 16.00+4.03 score), Forehand high clear skill (3.95 + 1.15 score and 5.90 + 1.65 score), drop shot skill (4.60 + 2.47 score and 8.35 + 3.02 score), forehand-wall skill test (7.07+ 2.23 and 9.88 + 2.62 score), and backhand-wall skill test (9.63+ 2.43 score and 13.28 + 2.95 score), respectively. (2) The mean comparison between the pretest and post-test of badminton skills found that long sever skill test, highball skill test, drop shot skill test, forehand wall test, and backhand wall test, all of the variables had significant differences (*p&lt;.05). The average score post-test of all variables was greater than the pretest. (3) The mean comparison of the satisfaction survey on peer technique in badminton course teaching between the pretest and post-test found that all variables had a significant difference (*p&lt;.05). The average post-test score of all variables was greater than the pretest.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The study evaluated the impact of peer-assisted teaching in badminton courses on learning outcomes. Results showed significant improvements in various skills, including forehand deep high service, forehand high clear, drop shot, forehand-wall, and backhand-wall skills. Additionally, a mean comparison between pretest and post-test scores indicated significant differences in long serve, highball, drop shot, forehand wall, and backhand wall skills, with post-test scores higher in all variables. Furthermore, the satisfaction survey demonstrated a significant increase in satisfaction with peer teaching techniques in badminton courses.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/IJSASR/article/view/4202 The Effect of Functional Training Programs to Improve Distance Hitting for Baseball Players in University 2024-06-09T22:14:14+07:00 Wenbin Pan 82937809@qq.com Chanchai Siriphan siriphan.cs@gmail.com <p><strong>Background and Aim: </strong>In the field of baseball, the attacking ability of baseball players is mainly reflected in their hitting techniques, including hitting distance and swinging speed. At present, the level of domestic university baseball teams is still very low. From the data of hitting percentage, long hit percentage, and home run, it can be seen that the main problem is reflected in the insufficient ability to hit from a long distance. Therefore, it is difficult to have more multiple and home runs in the game, resulting in the team being unable to score. These shortcomings will hurt the overall athletic ability of the team. This study aims to address this issue by focusing on developing and implementing training programs specifically designed for the effect of functional training programs to improve distance hitting for baseball, to significantly improve the long-range hitting ability and swing speed of baseball players.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> This study is an experimental study. The research subjects are 20 baseball majors (18-22 years old) from Guangzhou Sports College in Guangdong Province, including 6 professional baseball coaches, 1 baseball instructor from a professional sports college, and 3 professors in the field of sports training, totaling 10 experts. This study used focus groups to develop and improve training plans through expert interviews and experimental analysis, with an IOC value of 0.914. This study mainly used analysis of variance to analyze the results before, 4 weeks after testing, and after testing.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> After specialized functional training, the use of the T-seat hitting distance test and swing speed test effectively improved the long-distance hitting ability and swing speed of baseball players, and improved their long-distance hitting ability and swing speed, which helped to improve their athletic level and achieve better game results.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion:</strong> After 8 weeks of baseball versatility training, 20 martial arts athletes underwent further tests on their long-range hitting ability and swing speed. This study analyzed the differences and their effects on long-range hitting ability and swing speed before and after training. The comparison before and after training fully proves that functional training in baseball can effectively improve the long-range hitting ability and swing speed of baseball players.</p> 2024-06-09T00:00:00+07:00 Copyright (c) 2024 International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews