International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews <p><strong>International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews </strong></p> <p><strong>Old ISSN 2774-0366 (Online) : New ISSN 2985-2730 (Online)</strong></p> <p><strong>Crossref Member name: Dr. Ken Institute of Academic Development and Promotion<br />DOI prefix (Crossref): 10.60027</strong></p> <h3> </h3> <h3>Publishing Policy - Aims and Scope</h3> <p>The journal deals with sociologies and anthropologies science reviews, which publish research articles, academic articles, and/ or review articles. The following areas are covered in the Journal; </p> <ul> <li>Sociologies</li> <li>Anthropologies</li> <li>Humanities</li> <li>Social Sciences</li> <li>Education</li> <li>Business Administration</li> <li>Politics</li> <li>Public Administration</li> <li>Development</li> <li>Tourism</li> <li>Other areas of Social Sciences</li> </ul> <p>The article contributes to the development of the concepts, and theories, as well as new knowledge for developing the community and society. Serves as a medium for disseminating and exchanging academic knowledge between researchers, academics, developers, educational personnel, and generally interested people, such as being the source of dissemination into the research results of graduate students and academics both in the country and abroad. Encouraging researchers, scholars, developers, and interested people to create research and academic papers to benefit developing countries.</p> <p> </p> <p><strong>Type of Articles</strong></p> <p>1. Research Article is a report of the results of a systematic study, research, or development.</p> <p>2. Academic Article is a work of writing an interesting topic in which the author presents new knowledge by using theories, concepts, and related research results as information sources.</p> <p>3. Review Article is an article that combines theories, concepts, and research results on many subjects, the author will synthesize the literature in order to compile it into a conclusion or argument on a particular matter, which is a review of the academic progress of that matter.</p> <p> </p> <h3>Publication Frequency</h3> <p>Release scheduled of Six issues per year: </p> <ul> <li class="show">Issue 1 January – February</li> <li class="show">Issue 2 March – April</li> <li class="show">Issue 3 May-June</li> <li class="show">Issue 4 July-August</li> <li class="show">Issue 5 September – October</li> <li class="show">Issue 6 November– December</li> </ul> <p><strong>Journal Specific Requirements</strong></p> <ul> <li class="show">Research articles, academic articles, review articles, and book reviews, which have a reference list.</li> <li class="show">The articles which will be selected must contain content that is of social interest and academic value.</li> <li class="show">The articles must not be translated articles or interview articles.</li> <li class="show">All published articles are academically reviewed by 2 or 3 peer reviews.</li> <li class="show">Any academic comments of articles published in this journal belong to the author, if the rights and freedoms of others are violated, the author is personally responsible.</li> <li class="show">The editor of the journal does not reserve the right to refer to the contents of this journal in other writings.</li> </ul> DR.KEN Institute of Academic Development and Promotion en-US International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews 2985-2730 <p>Copyright on any article in the <a href="">International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews</a> is retained by the author(s) under the under the <a href="">Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License</a>. Permission to use text, content, images, etc. of publication. Any user to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose. But do not use it for commercial use or with the intent to benefit any business.</p> <p><img src="" /></p> Decoding, Connecting and Converting Cultural Understanding and Consumer Behavior: The Imperative of Applying Anthropology in Marketing Management <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> The integration of marketing and anthropology has become a valuable approach for marketers seeking to understand consumer behavior and cultural dynamics. This academic article aims to elucidate the concept of marketing anthropology, its definition, the scope and duties of marketing anthropologists, the imperative need for anthropological insights in marketing management, and the practical applications of anthropological principles in enhancing marketing strategies.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> This academic article compiles scholarly materials from academic databases that are related to marketing, anthropology, consumer behavior, and marketing management. This academic paper was compiled using analysis and synthesis techniques that addressed its primary objectives. The written content of this academic paper is structured in a systematic way to provide knowledge in conformity with the investigation objectives effectively.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> This academic article found that marketing anthropology is a crucial field in modern marketing management, combining anthropological concepts to understand customer behavior in diverse cultural environments, enhancing marketing tactics and brand success. Marketing anthropologists play a crucial role in contemporary marketing practices, synthesizing cultural meanings, constructing contextual understanding, and advocating cultural sensitivity. Anthropology enhances marketing management by understanding cultural nuances, consumer preferences, and globalization. Anthropology in marketing management enhances understanding of consumers, cultural intricacies, and segmentation methods, addressing disparities and fostering global engagement.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Anthropology and marketing provide a comprehensive framework for managing marketing activities, and recognizing the complex relationship between culture, consumer behavior, and market dynamics. By incorporating ethnographic research, organizations can strengthen affiliations, cultivate brand loyalty, and thrive in the global marketplace.</p> Pongsiri Kamkankaew Chatcharawan Meesubthong Kotchaporn Sawang Copyright (c) 2023 Pongsiri Kamkankaew, Chatcharawan Meesubthong, Kotchaporn Sawang 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 3 6 1 26 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3341 Exploring the Influence of Xiaohongshu Application on Student Academic Performance and Technology Acceptance in Design Sketch Course: A Case Study at Sichuan Vocational College of Arts <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> This study aims to explore the application of the Xiaohongshu mobile application in creating electronic portfolios, as well as editing, storing, and displaying students' electronic works in design sketch classes. The use of electronic portfolios can encourage students to constantly reflect on their artistic creations and improve their level of artistic performance. The objective of this research is to utilize the Xiaohongshu software as a platform for teaching technology and investigate the integration of electronic portfolios into design sketch classes, to enhance students' performance in design sketch works.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>The research utilized pre-tests and post-tests are conducted to evaluate students' performance in four areas of their design sketches: composition, space, details of objects and environment, and line quality. The questionnaire was used to measure students' PU and PEOU during the process of creating an electronic portfolio using Xiaohongshu software. Data were collected through test scoring and questionnaires, and statistical analysis and path hypothesis tests were conducted by Jamovi software.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The integration of the Xiaohongshu application software into the design sketch course exhibited positive outcomes. Analysis of pre-and post-test data revealed significant improvements in students' design sketch proficiency across various dimensions: composition, space representation, detailing of objects and environments, and line quality. Questionnaire survey results demonstrated favorable perceptions among students regarding the perceived usefulness and ease of utilizing the app for electronic portfolio creation. The study's findings suggest that the app contributes effectively to enhancing students' artistic capabilities.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>This study introduced the Xiaohongshu application software as an innovative e-learning tool for documenting painting processes and fostering curriculum exchange. Through a quasi-experimental approach, it assessed the software's impact on students' design sketch proficiency by creating electronic portfolios. The study also surveyed students' perceptions of its usefulness and ease of use. Findings demonstrated that integrating Xiaohongshu positively affected students' design skills, particularly in composition, spatial representation, detailing, and line quality. Students' positive feedback further validated the software's effectiveness. Additionally, the study highlighted the emergence of live online courses as a potential teaching mode. Future research could expand its scope by investigating diverse painting techniques and longer timeframes. In essence, this study underscores technology's transformative potential in traditional artistic education, paving the way for innovative pedagogical approaches and enhancing students' artistic growth.</p> Qiang Zhang Satha Phongsatha Copyright (c) 2023 Qiang Zhang, Satha Phongsatha 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 3 6 27 44 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3433 Guideline of Football Promotion on Mental Health of Youth Aged 7-12 in Guangdong Province <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> Regular sports contribute positively to mental health by alleviating depression, reducing stress, and triggering neurochemicals that boost self-confidence and self-esteem. This study aims to establish football promotion guidelines to enhance the mental well-being of 7-12-year-olds in Guangdong, China.</p> <p><strong>Methods:</strong> Through semi-structured interviews, 20 experts were engaged to gather data on the effects of football promotion. Rigorous piloting ensured the credibility of the research instruments.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Football promotion significantly improved the mental health of 7–12-year-olds, fostering physical fitness, stress reduction, heightened self-esteem, and the development of cognitive and social skills. Key success factors encompass robust family support, well-designed school programs, accessible community facilities, and effective club development.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusions:</strong> This study emphasizes the compelling need to prioritize mental health in youth sports through educational and policy interventions. Collaborative efforts between sports and mental health experts are crucial. Equipping coaches to facilitate mental well-being is of paramount importance. Involving parents through targeted resources and communication is recommended. Adopting a holistic approach that comprehensively addresses emotional, social, and cognitive dimensions is essential for a well-rounded youth development strategy.</p> Yuanfeng Chen Rumpai Soonjan Prakit Hongsaenyatham Copyright (c) 2023 Yuanfeng Chen, Rumpai Soonjan, Prakit Hongsaenyatham 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 3 6 45 56 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3474 Optimizing Business English Learning Among Freshmen in a Private University in China with BERIUVE <p><strong>Background and Aims: </strong>Business English learners encounter challenges in acquiring specialized business knowledge and English proficiency. Mastering English, especially in a business context, can be daunting for second-language learners. Thus, this study aims to examine the challenges students face in reading and motivation while learning business English and to develop a Business English Reading Instruction Using Vision Enhancement (BERIUVE).</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>The present study conducted a needs analysis employing a 5-point Likert scale questionnaire. Five freshman classes (N=145) from a private college in China participated in the survey.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The findings demonstrated that students acknowledged the importance of business English reading but sought increased motivation to learn. They lacked both micro- and macro-cognitive reading abilities for comprehension and required assistance in cultivating a vivid and realistic vision. In response to the student’s preferences, the researcher developed the BERIUVE, inspired by Hadfield and Dornyei (2013)’s visionary motivational program. This study’s innovative approach, which integrates reading demands and learning motivation, has substantial pedagogical implications for future business English instruction. The findings can inform the modification of course objectives and the development of motivational instruction for business reading based on learner analysis.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>Specifically, the study highlights the importance of recognizing individual learner needs to devise targeted interventions that can improve reading abilities and enhance overall reading efficiency. The pedagogical implications of analyzing learners and designing motivational instruction for business reading are ultimately discussed.</p> Heling Li Prannapha Modehiran Copyright (c) 2023 Heling Li, Prannapha Modehiran 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 3 6 57 68 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3347 A Self-Leadership Model to Enhance Vocal Music Students’ Self-Efficacy at University in Hunan Province, China <p><strong>Background and Aims:</strong> Vocal music performance is the expression of talent and ability through public exhibition and focuses on the human voice as the major component. It requires training and development of self-efficacy to achieve the best results. Self-leadership and self-efficacy are related concepts that both play important roles in personal and professional development. Self-leadership can enhance self-efficacy in vocal music students by assisting in the setting of goals and maintaining motivation to overcome obstacles. This study aimed to develop a model of self-leadership to enhance the self-efficacy of vocal music students.</p> <p><strong>Material and Methods: </strong>The research design was a sequential exploratory mixed-methods design that combined both qualitative and quantitative methods to develop an instrument that was used to collect data from the target population. The population for this study was vocal music students from four universities in Hunan. The sample size was 1,009 students.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Findings showed that the students’ levels of self-leadership and self-efficacy were overall, at a low level. A multiple regression analysis was conducted to find the significant self-leadership strategies. Predictor variables of self-efficacy were <em>successful foresight</em> (r=.31, p&lt;.001), <em>self-goal setting</em> (r=.24, p&lt;.001), <em>belief hypothesis evaluation</em> (r=.25, p&lt;.001), <em>self-punishment</em> (r=.27, p&lt;.001), <em>self-observation </em>(r=.24, p&lt;.001), and <em>natural reward</em> (r=.23, p&lt;.001). A theoretical model was developed from the findings and validated by experts.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>Increasing self-leadership in vocal music students can help them to take charge of their musical development and help them to become more confident, motivated, and independent. </p> Hongxiang Tan Poonpilas Asavisanu Copyright (c) 2023 Hongxiang Tan, Poonpilas Asavisanu 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 3 6 69 82 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3344 Needs Analysis of Metacognitive Strategies Training in English Language Instruction Using Digital Technology and to Improve the Autonomous-Learning Ability and English Language Achievement of Chinese EFL Undergraduate Students <p><strong>Background and aims: </strong>Learner autonomy has become a focal point in language learning over the past 30 years. In China, fostering and improving college students’ autonomous learning ability has become a crucial aspect of higher education English teaching reform in the 21st century. Thus, this paper aims to analyze the needs of Chinese EFL undergraduate students to improve their autonomous learning ability and English language achievement.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods:</strong> A needs analysis questionnaire (N=183) was conducted to investigate students’ necessities, lacks, and wants in English language learning.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The findings showed that the students required being trained to use metacognitive strategies and apply digital technology in their English learning to improve their autonomous learning ability and English achievement.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>Besides using metacognitive strategies to improve their autonomous learning and English language achievement, students also expressed their preferences for digital tools as effective means to augment their learning outcomes and motivation. </p> Chunfeng Wang Prannapha Modehiran Copyright (c) 2023 Chunfeng Wang, Prannapha Modehiran 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 3 6 83 94 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3469 The Impact of Care from Chinese Teachers on the Work-Study Program <p><strong>Background and Aims: </strong>According to the theory of comprehensive development of individuals, students’ participation in work-study programs is influenced by their environment. Teachers play a crucial role in the interpersonal environment of students’ work-study activities. Work-study is an important component of educational funding in China. This study empirically examines the influence of teacher care on work-study.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>Based on these hypotheses, this study focuses on students participating in work-study programs in universities, with a research scope limited to the Chaoshan area. Data was collected through a questionnaire survey, with a total of 1056 questionnaires distributed. Questionnaires that were incomplete or had the same answer throughout were excluded, resulting in 894 valid questionnaires. The effective response rate was 84.7%.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The research found that policy environment, physical environment, and teacher care have direct and indirect positive effects on work-study activities, and students’ self-regulation ability plays a moderating role in this process.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>The policy environment, physical environment, and teacher care have direct and indirect positive impacts on work-study activities, and students’ self-regulation ability moderates these impacts. These findings have significant implications for schools and teachers in providing support and guidance to work-study students, helping to optimize the implementation of work-study programs.</p> Danruo Huang Copyright (c) 2023 Danruo Huang 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 3 6 95 106 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3456 The Effectiveness of Female Authoritative Leadership Style Research <p>Background and Aims: From the perspective of female authoritarian leadership, this study reveals the role of individualized transactions in the leadership effectiveness of female authoritarian leaders.</p> <p>Materials and Method: Through literature research, first understand the research status of female leaders' leadership style, analyze the unresolved problems in the existing relevant research, and on this basis, look for important influencing factors from the perspective of management and psychology.</p> <p>Questionnaire method. In the data collection process of this study, the questionnaire survey method is mainly used to collect primary data from the surveyed objects in a specific area. The questionnaire method first needs to find the measurement scales of all the key variables in the theoretical model proposed in this research.</p> <p>Results: The results show that female authoritarian leadership negatively affects job performance; collective psychological ownership plays a mediating role between female authoritarian leadership, employee satisfaction, and task performance. In addition, the positive impact of collective psychological ownership and employees' organizational citizenship behavior has been confirmed by data.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Female authoritarian leadership hampers job performance, mediated by collective psychological ownership while fostering positive organizational citizenship behavior. Thus, this paper provides guidance for leaders to choose effective management practices.</p> Jinfeng Gao Copyright (c) 2023 Jinfeng Gao 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 3 6 107 116 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3454 Empowering Language Education: Integrating Translanguaging, Multimodality, and Dialogic Teaching in Chinese Private Universities <p><strong>Background and aims: </strong>This study delves into the dynamic landscape of language education in Chinese private universities, specifically focusing on the application of translanguaging, multimodality, and dialogic teaching to enhance students' literacy development. With English literacy holding paramount importance in the globalized era, junior students in China’s private universities encounter distinct challenges and opportunities. This research investigates the constraints that hinder their literacy competence, examines the efficacy of translanguaging and dialogic pedagogy in bolstering literacy skills, and explores students’ perceptions of their literacy competence and experiences with translanguaging practices.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods: </strong>The study’s significance lies in its potential to shape educational practices and curriculum design within China’s private university context. By harnessing the power of translanguaging, multimodality, and dialogic teaching, this research strives to offer innovative approaches to bolster students’ English literacy proficiency.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The findings unravel the intricate interplay between linguistic strategies, instructional techniques, and students’ perceptions, thereby contributing to the creation of effective pedagogical interventions in English literacy education.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>This research project aims to bridge the gap between theoretical frameworks and practical applications, culminating in actionable insights that resonate with the challenges and aspirations of junior students in Chinese private universities. Through an intricate exploration of language education paradigms, this study ultimately strives to equip students with the linguistic competence and confidence required to thrive in an increasingly interconnected and diverse global society.</p> Liping Shi Copyright (c) 2023 Liping Shi 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 3 6 117 128 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3471 The Effectiveness of Synchronous and Asynchronous Blended Teaching Plan for Preschool Education Major Students at The Institute of Teacher Education in Ningxia Province, People Republic of China <p><strong>Background and Aims: </strong>In recent years, the role of choral conducting courses in China's basic education has been receiving more and more attention. A sudden increase in the demand for chorus and conducting courses in primary school has led to a shortage of teachers in this professional field in underdeveloped areas such as Ningxia. To efficiently train more primary school teachers who possess choral conducting skills for basic education has become the primary focus of colleges and universities offering primary school education majors. The purpose of this article is to explore whether synchronous and asynchronous blended teaching plans can achieve, or even surpass, the academic performance of traditional educational methods while enhancing the efficiency of the curriculum.</p> <p><strong>Methodology: </strong>This quasi-experimental study aims to investigate the effects of various teaching plans on participants’ outcomes. The participants consist of students engaged in a chorus and conducting an education setting. In this research procedure, the 39 participants were divided into three groups, each experiencing a different teaching method: the traditional teaching plan group, the synchronous blended teaching plan group, and the asynchronous blended teaching plan group. After implementing the teaching plans, standardized tests are administered to all three groups to measure their learning outcomes and performance. The collected data, comprising participants' test scores, will undergo statistical analysis using ANOVA and the Paired T-test.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>The final research results indicated that there was no statistically significant difference in the performance of the three participant groups. In other words, all three teaching plans exhibited a positive effect on participants' performance, with similar degrees of improvement. When considering average scores in sub-subjects, participants in the blended program generally outperformed those in the traditional style.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The blended teaching plan combines the convenience of online teaching with the benefits of offline practical instruction. The researchers contend that employing a blended teaching approach can enhance course efficiency, offering a viable alternative to the traditional teaching method.</p> Yeqiu Liu Athipat Cleesuntorn Copyright (c) 2023 Yeqiu Liu, Athipat Cleesuntorn 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 3 6 129 144 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3442 Analysis of Adaptability Difference of Ecological Migration Based on Environmental Distance <p><strong>Background and aims:</strong> Ecological migration refers to the population who originally lived in an area with a harsh natural environment and basically no living conditions, moved out of their original residence, settled in the new area, and rebuilt their homes. The large settlement formed after the migration is the ecological migration area. Thus, this study aims to analyze the orientation accumulation of emotion, behavior, and cognition. <br /><strong>Materials and methods:</strong> Takes the ecological migration group in Minning Town, Ningxia as an example, from the three dimensions of emotion, behavior, and cognition, adopts the concept of "environmental distance", and comprehensively uses quantitative research methods such as the questionnaire method, environmental distance model and multiple linear regression model. <br /><strong>Results:</strong> The results show that to more scientifically explore the degree of change of teachers, students, parents, and administrators due to environmental changes before and after poverty alleviation in basic education in ecological immigrant areas, as well as the direct and indirect effects of factors affecting the adaptability of the basic education environment<br /><strong>Conclusions:</strong> The author hopes to put forward the development path and strategy of basic education in ecological immigrant areas.</p> Shuqi Wang Copyright (c) 2023 Shuqi Wang 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 3 6 145 154 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3457 Platform Model for Teaching Dance Sport Class <p><strong>Background and aims:</strong> The teaching and learning of the University Statement and the significance of problems in China are organized in many forms, especially in the current era of rapid development in China's education, causing the university to modernize teaching methods<strong>. </strong>This paper aims to create a teaching model for dance movement courses and expand the scope of dance education.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods: </strong>The study consists of four stages: reviewing relevant literature, using the Delphi technique to construct the platform, evaluating the suitability of implementing the model, and summarizing and presenting statistical data. The analysis reveals that the planned dance teaching platform includes various media such as WeChat, Mooc, Youku, Xiaohongshu, TikTok, YouTube, Line, videos, and television. Learners can search and select teaching assistants through public relations and establish admission criteria.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The organization involves nine different styles of teaching and rehearsal, choreography filmed from the side with feet above the scapula, and providing feedback and suggestions for students' assignments in non-traditional environments. Choreographed competitions must be completed within a specified time frame and prepared for community teaching. Other aspects include dance competitions, dance routines, dance pairings, dance etiquette, and teaching Latin and standard dances. The scoring system for Chinese Frandiamond dance on platforms such as Xiaohongshu, Youku, Mooc, and TikTok is out of 20 points.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>This study provides an applicable teaching model for dance movement courses, expanding the range of dance education.</p> Zhigang Wu Suvachai Rittisom Copyright (c) 2023 Zhigang Wu , Suvachai Rittisom 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 3 6 155 162 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3363 Developing A Core Strength Training Program to Improve Badminton High Clear Stroke for University Students <p><strong>Background and Aims:</strong> With the continuous development of badminton, international competitions have become increasingly confrontational and competitive, which places higher demands on athletes' physical fitness and technology. Therefore, the purpose of this study is to add core strength training and traditional strength training to badminton high clear stroke skill training, compare the test results after training, and find a more effective strength training method to improve badminton high clear stroke skill.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> This study took 40 students (20 boys and 20 girls) out of 230 students (20 boys and 20 girls) in the 2022 special badminton class of Guangxi Medical University. This study introduces the test standard of badminton high clear stroke technology, focusing on the theory of badminton strength training. Through interviews with 5 experts, the high clear stroke technical test standards, physical fitness test standards, and training plans were determined (IOC test result is 0.925±0.1438). The training experiment lasted 8 weeks.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> (1) Compared with traditional strength training, core strength training can improve students' physical fitness. (2) Core strength training has a more significant effect on improving badminton high clear stroke skills than traditional strength training.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The core muscle strength exercise added to the badminton training program was created by the researcher and validated with 5 experts by IOC technique the IOC was 0.925±0.1438. The Program was confirmed by the execution of a group pretest and posttest experimental design The subject was 40 students who tested with a high clear stroke test, then took the score to rank the subjects descending and sampling with systematic method into 2 groups. The experiment operated for 8 weeks, 2 sessions a week, and 2 hours a session. Collect high clear stroke test and fitness test scores after the last class<strong>.</strong></p> Yujie Liang Nopporn Tasnaina Copyright (c) 2023 Yujie Liang, Nopporn Tasnaina 2023-11-16 2023-11-16 3 6 163 170 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3498 Qualitative Analysis of the Construction of the Leadership Model of Principals in Small-Scale Rural Schools in China-Exploration Based on Grounded Theory <p>Background and Aims: There are a huge number of rural small-scale schools in China, and they have “normally existed”. After entering the new era, its core value positioning is to meet the high-quality education needs of the people who want to go to a good school nearby. This study aims to understand the leadership improvement mechanism of small-scale rural school principals in China</p> <p>Materials and methods: This study interviewed 12 small-scale rural school principals in G City, J Province, China, and coded the collected original data with the grounded theory.</p> <p>Results: The results show that the influencing factors of the leadership of small-scale rural school principals in China: are personal level, school level, family level, and social level.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>This study constructed the leadership improvement mechanism of small-scale rural school principals in China.</p> Xiaocong Wang Li Guo Copyright (c) 2023 Xiaocong Wang, Li Guo 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 171 178 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3455 A Research on Needs Analysis from Students for Developing an Intercultural Communication Course <p><strong>Background and aims: </strong>This research aims to investigate the intercultural communicative competence (ICC) of English major undergraduate students at Heilongjiang International University. It delves into students' attitudes, knowledge, skills of interpreting and relating, skills of discovery and interaction, and critical cultural awareness to improve the students’ ICC. The research reveals that while students possess some level of ICC, there are areas where they lack confidence and knowledge.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods</strong>: The study draws on questionnaires to gather data from 181 participants and utilizes a five-point scale for interpretation.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>Results indicate that students are unsure about their knowledge of cultural aspects, specifically the history, etiquette, and lifestyle of English-speaking countries. Similarly, they exhibit uncertainty in their skills of interpretation and relating, especially regarding sensitivity to intercultural differences and their language capabilities. However, they show confidence in their skills of discovery, interaction, and critical cultural awareness. For attitude, students display a willingness to engage in intercultural experiences, although they lack confidence in suspending their perspectives in conversations. Cultural awareness is apparent, but some students recognize the influence of their cultural identity on communication. The study also explores students' experiences and difficulties in learning English, such as language barriers, cultural gaps, and limited exposure to foreign cultures.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions: </strong>The study concludes that while students have ICC potential, targeted interventions are necessary to improve their overall competence. Recommendations include enhancing language proficiency, cultural knowledge, and exposure to authentic language use and cultural references. Finally, students express their desire to improve listening skills, vocabulary, oral communication, grammar understanding, and intercultural competence, which should guide curriculum design and educational strategies.</p> Yuxin Guo Prannapha Modehiran Copyright (c) 2023 Yuxin Guo, Prannapha Modehiran 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 179 190 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3470 Enforcement of Online Gambling Laws <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> Nowadays, technological evolution has developed greatly. The lives of the people in society are all dependent on technology, especially through the Internet. Whether searching for information communicating Various transactions or even for entertainment etc. The development of technology for transmitting information by multimedia media, such as the use of text, audio, images, videos, graphics moving graphics, etc., is a channel for more business services. It can be said that the Internet network, despite many advantages in Various conveniences but there are still has many disadvantages as well. One service that is currently popular in online society and will be studied to determine the issues is providing a service for playing or downloading online games or online social games. Whether through a web browser, such as games on Facebook, or through an application on a mobile phone which may be related to gambling on the Internet, also known as online game gambling. The paper aims to solve the problem of gambling which is considered a threat to peace and order and internal security. However, after the promulgation of the Gambling Act. The latest amendment was No. 8 in the year 1962 and is still in effect today. without any additional amendments made in any way Although there were attempts to revise the Gambling Act again in 2011, the Gambling Bill was eventually dropped. Because the parliament was dissolved that year. As a result, the Gambling Act B.E. 2478 has not been amended again. For a period of up to 58 years, the obsolescence of such laws resulted in inefficient enforcement. In addition, in terms of content in some sections, there are inconsistencies with social conditions. The economy and the current changing situation.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> The objective is to analyze the scope of the legal application of the Gambling Act B.E. 2478 in terms of definitions. Determination of offense bases and penalties Agencies with the authority to prevent and suppress gambling including various measures related to gambling Along with proposing appropriate ways to solve such problems, and in this research article, the author uses a method to analyze the meaning and characteristics of online social games in the form of gambling games. Analyzing which games are classified as an offense or not as an offense of gambling on the Internet, both in terms of Thai and foreign laws, as well as analyzing the determination of the offense base and penalties for those who organized it. To play and people who play online social games in the form of gambling. Including the establishment of an agency to control and inspect the types of online social games that may be considered gambling to inspect the content of online games. Especially online social games that can be played through websites. or downloaded through an application from a mobile phone or tablet, which is difficult to verify suitability.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> From research, it was found that to make law enforcement more efficient and to amend gambling laws to be in line with current social conditions as much as possible.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> From the research results, it was found that The Gambling Act, gambling on the Internet gamblers Organizer of gambling and equipment used in gambling Amendment to the base of offenses and penalties of offenders about being a player The organizer of both gambling in general and gambling on the Internet. Enactment of a provision to protect children and young people from gambling. as well as the establishment of a specific regulatory body for gambling This is so that it can be adapted to the case of playing online social games that are similar to gambling. In addition, other measures have been set. including technical measures Government measures and social measures to effectively control and suppress gambling on the Internet<strong>.</strong></p> Suttichai Lortrakul Copyright (c) 2023 Suttichai Lortrakul 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 191 200 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3420 Effect of Learning Management Using Problem-based Learning on Fine Arts Basic Ability of Freshmen in Suzhou Arts and Design Institute, The People’s Republic of China <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> Learning Management Using Problem-Based Learning students can have better development of creativity, the ability to apply in real-world situations, aesthetic appreciation of Arts, activeness, and initiative which can help them to make progress in Fine Arts basic ability. Thus, the purposes of this research were to<strong>:</strong>1) To compare the students’ Fine Arts basic ability before and after learning through Learning Management Using Problem Based Learning. 2) To compare the Fine Arts basic ability after learning through Learning Management Using problem-based learning with the determined criterion set at 70%.3) To assess the significance level of students’ satisfaction after learning through Learning Management Using Problem-Based Learning.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> The sample of this study was 30 Freshmen (1 class) in Suzhou Institute of Fine Arts and Design in the academic year of 2023, which was derived from the cluster random sampling method. The research instruments were as follows: 1) There are five teaching plans for the Fine arts’s basic ability course of fine arts. The five teaching plans adopt the Learning Management Using Problem-Based Learning teaching method. The themes are research instruments were as follows: There are 5 lesson plans for teaching Fine Arts basic Objects from concrete to abstract - The skill of composition and the skill of light and shadow sensitivity, The meaning of color - The skill of color sensitivity Abstract lines - The skill of lines, Stereo model first session - The skills of typological criterion, lines, and composition.2) An achievement test was used with a reliability of 0.73. 3)The reliability of student satisfaction is 0.80.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results of the study were as follows: (1) Students who received Learning Management Using Problem-Based Learning have higher scores than before learning through Learning Management Using Problem-Based Learning than before at a statistically significant level of 0.05. (2) Students who received the Learning Management Using Problem-Based Learning have higher scores than the determined criterion of 70%. And (3) The students’ satisfaction with Learning Management Using Problem-Based learning is at a high level.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Learning management using problem-based learning significantly improves students' Fine art’s basic ability. learning management using problem-based learning problem-based learning environment encourages students to actively think and participate in problem-solving. And the learning management using problem-based learning in the learning process, teachers still need to maintain supervision and guidance and increase time for repeated training to ensure that students are aligned with the learning objectives of Fine arts basic ability. </p> Zeng Fanxuan Thapana Choicharoch Nitikorn Onyon Copyright (c) 2023 Zeng Fanxuan, Thapana Choicharoch, Nitikorn Onyon 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 201 210 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3465 Research on the Application of Flipped Classroom in University Furniture Design Course- Taking Leshan Normal University as an Example <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> Flipped classroom as a modern teaching method has attracted much attention in improving students’ learning performance. This study employed a flipped-classroom teaching strategy and modern technology applications to conduct teaching experiments on students. Through the test of the furniture design drawings and questionnaires, this study aims to examine the impact of the flipped classroom teaching method on academic achievement between the experimental class and the control class.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> This study is quasi-experimental research, using a quantitative research method. The subjects were third-year undergraduates majoring in environmental design at Leshan Normal University in Sichuan, China. Students were in two groups, an experimental group and a control group. The flipped classroom teaching strategy was used in the experimental group class A, 55 students. The traditional teaching method was used in the control group Class B, 55 students. Through the furniture design drawing test, it attempted to understand students’ ability in innovation, visual rendering, practicality, and typography, as well as the applicability and ease of use of the learning platform Superstar APP in the flipped teaching course. Data were collected through tests and questionnaires, and analyzed by using the statistical software Jamovi. The hypotheses were tested by paired samples T-test and independent sample T-test.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results showed that the teaching method of flipped classrooms has a very positive impact on students' academic performance. Students' furniture design innovation ability and layout design ability have been improved significantly. Students showed a high level of effectiveness and convenience in using the Superstar platform APP for flipped classroom teaching.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Based on the research results, this paper makes some suggestions on the application of flipped classrooms in furniture design courses.</p> Xiayan Liao Satha Phongsatha Copyright (c) 2023 Xiayan Liao, Satha Phongsatha 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 211 228 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3371 Selected Indicators Influence the Talent Identification of Young Tennis Players <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> Tennis is one of the most popular sports globally. Despite having the largest tennis population in the world, China has long lacked top-level athletes in this sport. One of the primary reasons is the difficulty in accurately identifying young tennis players with talent, which has led to the relative stagnation of the development of tennis in China. The purpose of this research is: (1) To Select the indicators that influence the talent identification of young tennis players in Guangzhou; and (2) To determine the weight of the indicators.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> The primary tool for this research is an expert questionnaire. Using the Delphi method, we collected opinions from 19 tennis experts in various fields to filter out evaluation indicators that influence the talent identification of young tennis players in Guangzhou. Firstly, we used the Analytic Hierarchy Process to determine the importance of each influencing factor; secondly, we applied connoisseurship to validate the scientific and practical aspects of the research process and results; finally, we provided a descriptive summary and report on the overall performance of the players.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Ultimately, a detailed and comprehensive evaluation indicator system was formulated, consisting of 7 primary indicators, 20 secondary indicators, and 44 tertiary indicators. The weightings of each indicator system were also determined, validating the feasibility and applicability of this comprehensive performance evaluation system for young tennis players in Guangzhou.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The research results have strong rationality and feasibility, providing significant theoretical value and practical implications for the indicator system affecting the talent identification of young tennis players in Guangzhou. In the future, this can be extended to other provinces nationwide for field testing and discussion validation, and the system can be further optimized and improved based on the results.</p> Zhang Guangfu Thawatchai Kanchanathaweekul Copyright (c) 2023 Zhang Guangfu, Thawatchai Kanchanathaweekul 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 229 246 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3480 Effects of Cross-Training Exercise Program to Improve Health-related Physical Fitness for University Students in Guangdong <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> Health-related physical fitness test is beneficial to the health-related physical fitness of college students. According to the researcher's survey, most students do not have an awareness of daily physical exercise, which leads to a decline in physical function and health-related physical fitness scores. The purpose of this paper is to study the effect of cross-training programs on improving college students' health-related physical fitness, to improve college students' health-related physical fitness scores by constructing an 8-week cross-training program, and to encourage students to actively participate in extracurricular physical exercise to promote health-related physical fitness and to form the awareness of lifelong sports. The results of this study show that cross-training can improve students' health-related physical fitness performance and that even after only 4 weeks of cross-training, students' health-related physical fitness performance can still make significant progress.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> The study involves Guangdong Province Foreign Language and Arts Vocational College of Catering and Tourism College 2022 students, the total number of grades 710 people, health-related physical fitness scores failed 66 people, using G-Power in 66 students to calculate the sample size of 28 students (14 male,14 female) aged between 18-22 years old. The research procedure started with anthropometric measurements: height, weight, BMI, body fat percentage, etc. Subsequently, cross-training was performed. Tests included: cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility. The experiment lasted for eight weeks, with five one-hour training sessions per week. Subjects underwent Health-related physical fitness tests in the first, fourth, and eighth weeks.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The 8-week cross-training program reduced students' BMI and body fat percentage, and improved students' health-related physical fitness grades and physical fitness. The student's health-related physical fitness grades failed in the first week, improved significantly in the fourth week (67 points), and the average score in the eighth week (75 points) improved even more significantly.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Constructing a cross-training program had a significant effect on improving cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength, muscular endurance, and flexibility in college students. It also increased their BMI and body fat percentage. It was concluded that an 8-week cross-training program decreased students' BMI and body fat levels while increasing muscle mass and improving health-related physical fitness scores, and students showed significant improvement in fitness scores in week 4 and even more significant improvement in week eight. Considering the positive effects of training on physical function and fitness, it is recommended that extracurricular sports be promoted so that more people can exercise in their spare time.</p> XiNa Yu Thawatchai Kanchanathaweekul Copyright (c) 2023 XiNa Yu , Thawatchai Kanchanathaweekul 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 247 260 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3414 Construction of Outdoor Adventure Education Courses to Develop Psychological Resilience for University Students <p><strong>Background and aims:</strong> Most schools only pay attention to the cultivation of students' bodies, knowledge, and skills, but neglect the development and training of university students' psychological skills. When university students exhibit some psychological problems, often will be given to students' mental health education centers to solve, due to the student's mental health education center teachers and the site being more limited. This study aims to evaluate the impact of outdoor adventure education courses on the psychological resilience of university students.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods: </strong>The researchers used an experience-based learning circle model, incorporating The Resiliency Wheel, Full value contracts, and guidance techniques. Using quantitative studies, interviews, and experimental data, participants were divided into two groups: the experimental group and the control group. The effect of the adventure education course as an 8-week intervention was studied using the psychological resilience Scale. Data were analyzed using a t-test and one-way ANOVA. The experimental group scored higher than the control group in the total scores of psychological resilience and the three components (tenacity, strength, optimism), and these results were statistically significant. Further, the experimental group shows marginal positive changes in the total resilience scale and its three dimensions in terms of effect size. The designed adventure education courses significantly improve the psychological resilience of university students.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The results found that the psychological resilience level of university students was significantly improved after the intervention, and the scores in the dimensions of tenacity, strength, and optimism significantly increased after the intervention. through the research of this paper, we can expand the analytical perspective of psychological resilience and provide a new way of thinking for the improvement of the psychological resilience of university students.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The content of previous interventions on psychological resilience and the factors affecting psychological resilience, applying the concept of the psychological resilience wheel to this course, And the full value contract, guide technology, and outdoor adventure education courses are fully combined and designed.</p> Yan Li Sukol Ariyasajsiskul Copyright (c) 2023 Yan Li , Sukol Ariyasajsiskul 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 261 274 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3479 Effect of Learning Management Using Project-Based Learning on Graphic Design Ability of Sophomore Students at Suzhou Institute of Art and Design, the People's Republic of China <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> The twenty-first Century is the digital era, with the rapid development of science and technology. Schools and all levels of educational institutes, as places that educate theoretical knowledge to students and develop their practical ability revising the plan and supplementing the teaching materials include developing teaching and learning strategies to promote student abilities and 21st-century skills. The current situation in many art and design institutes are quality of learning and teaching especially strategies to improve the design ability of students according to the trend of graphic design at the global level. Graphic design ability is one of the major abilities of a student who studies in the field of fine and applied art previous educators researched and reported that Learning Management Using Project-Based Learning (PBL) combines curriculum with practice to improve students' initiative, stimulate students' flexible use of knowledge to solve practical problems, and can support the student to develop ability skill and competency. This research aim is composed of 1) to study students' Graphic Design Ability after Learning Management Using project-based learning (PBL) and 2) To assess Students' Satisfaction with Learning Management Using project-based learning (PBL).</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> Instruments were (1) an Instrument for the experiment a Lesson plan: 5 lesson plans each lesson plan for 3 hours, 15 hours in total, (2) an Instrument for collecting data composed of: 1) Graphic design ability evaluation form 2) Student satisfaction questionnaire. Methods were (1) The samples were Learned toward learning management using project-based learning. (2) After the samples learned about learning management using project-based learning. The samples were evaluated for Graphic Design Ability by evaluation and student satisfaction through a satisfaction questionnaire.</p> <p><strong> </strong><strong>Results: </strong>Found that: (1) After learning management using project-based learning, students’ Graphic Design Ability was which was statistically higher than the determined criterion set 70%. (2) After learning management using project-based learning students’ satisfaction with Learning Management Using project-based learning was high level.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> After learning management using project-based learning, students’ Graphic Design Ability of student statistically higher than the determined criterion set of 70%. and students’ satisfaction with learning management using project-based learning was high level.</p> Liu Jie Thapana Choicharoen Suwana Juithong Copyright (c) 2023 Liu Jie, Thapana Choicharoen, Suwana Juithong 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 275 280 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3476 Guideline of Service Managerial Strategies Development Based on Marketing Mixes Concepts for Promoting Exercise Activities in Sport Park <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> In 2014, the Chinese government issued Several Opinions on Accelerating the Development of the Sports Industry and Promoting Sports Consumption Six tasks including enriching market supply, building several small and medium-sized sports facilities for the convenience and benefit of the people, developing fitness and leisure programs and enriching sports events; We should also create a fitness atmosphere, advocate a healthy life, and actively promote the opening of public sports facilities. This research objective was to create a guided servicing managerial strategies development based on marketing mixes concepts to develop service operation in public sports parks.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> This research was conducted by the integrative approach of Serve Quality and Marketing Mixes. Data was collected by interviewing experts and a questionnaire which constructed by the researcher to collect data from samples who participated in the sport park activities total of 20 experts’ interviews and 384 people for the questionnaire. Develop questionnaires to survey the problems, obstacles, needs, and suggestions on physical fitness, sports, and exercise activities in the park of the people and officers in those parks by applying POLC 4 m’s, SERVQUAL, and marketing mixes concept questionnaires. Use a software package to analyze the data.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> The Sport Center Park is funded by the Zhanjiang government and it is managed by the Zhanjiang Sports Bureau. It is necessary to define the vision, and goal to notify the expected status of the park in the future and motivate the staff to meet them. Should assignment and organization of the resources and distribution of functions into groups to establish working relationships and coordination to accomplish tasks with efficiency and effectiveness. Select the right persons, train those needy persons, promote of best persons, retirement of old persons, performance appraisal of all the personnel, and adequate remuneration of personnel. The direction deals with making the workers learn techniques to perform the jobs assigned to them. Direction includes guidance, supervision, and motivation of employees. And Co-ordinating helps an organization accomplish objectives. The difficulty of coordination depends upon the size of the organization. The difficulty of co-ordination is increased with the increasing of the size of the organization. Motivation includes increasing the speed of performance of a work and developing a willingness on the part of workers. This is done by a resourceful leader. The workers expect favorable climate conditions to work and fair treatment. The park should pay attention to having more standardized management and consider the marketing mix components to create the management and service.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Customers’ observed response is commonly lower than their expected response, especially on the aspects of promotion, people, and physical evidence, which means the sport park management can be improved on these aspects. The limitations of this research are the small sample size of the investigation, which may constrain the evaluation results; what is measured in this paper is only the current service quality of the sports park, not a long-term result of service quality, so it lacks a certain dynamic. Based on this study, the author put forward management strategies for the Zhanjiang Sports Center Park.</p> Guangyu Wang Nopporn Tasnaina Copyright (c) 2023 Guangyu Wang , Nopporn Tasnaina 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 281 294 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3516 Development of Youth Badminton Competition System in Guangdong Province, China <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> The study on optimizing the youth badminton competition system in Guangdong Province is mainly driven by two reasons: 1) Advancing the construction of the youth competition system is a crucial step towards integrating sports and education. 2) Several problems exist within the current youth badminton competition system in Guangdong Province, necessitating urgent solutions. This research objective was to develop the youth badminton competition system to align with the policy of deepening the integration of sports and education and to promote the healthy development of youth.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> This study investigates the current status of the youth badminton competition system in Guangdong Province through a questionnaire survey. Utilizing the Delphi method, indicators for the youth badminton competition system in Guangdong Province are formulated. The SWOT analysis method provides developmental strategies for the youth badminton competition system in Guangdong Province. The scope of the study primarily focuses on the youth badminton competition system in Guangdong Province, with the primary survey samples consisting of 12 managers, 30 referees, 60 coaches, 150 athletes, and 19 experts.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> 1) The youth badminton competition system in Guangdong Province exhibits overlapping organizational structures, unclear objectives, and restrictive competitions. 2) According to expert opinions, there are four main indicators for the youth badminton competition system in Guangdong Province, mainly including Competition Objectives, Organizational Structure, Operations Management, and Competition Regulations. There are 15 secondary indicators and 38 tertiary indicators. 3) The developmental strategies for the youth badminton competition system in Guangdong Province are as follows: 1) It is recommended to establish a clear management organization. A specialized Youth Badminton Professional Committee for Guangdong Province should be set up under the coordinated management of the Education Department and the Sports Bureau. 2) Clear objectives are imperative. The construction of the youth competition system in Guangdong Province should commence with well-defined objectives. 3) The competition system is advised to encompass school-level, district-level, city-level, and province-level stages, forming a 4-level 10-tier model.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The youth badminton competition system in Guangdong Province exhibits overlapping organizational structures and unclear objectives. It is recommended to establish a clear management organization. There are four main indicators for the youth badminton competition system in Guangdong Province, mainly including Competition Objectives, Organizational Structure, Operations Management, and Competition Regulations. All indicators are constructed with well and clear objectives. </p> Xingyu Liu Panya Sungkawadee Copyright (c) 2023 Xingyu Liu , Panya Sungkawadee 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 295 310 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3509 Factors Impacting Art Major Postgraduate Students’ Academic Engagement in Online Learning at the University of Chengndu China <p><strong>Background and Aim: </strong>Amidst China's swift embrace of e-learning, this study delves into the interplay between quality management, e-learning, and academic investigation in higher education. It aims to identify strategies blending academic research, institutional growth, and practical enhancement for optimal educational quality. By addressing the myriad elements affecting e-learning quality, this research offers insights for educational stakeholders, promoting enlightened quality management in modern digital education.</p> <p><strong>Research Method:</strong> A survey targeting students, educators, and administrators will quantitatively gauge e-learning quality perceptions and the influence of academic research. Additionally, detailed interviews with a subset of respondents will shed light on their e-learning quality governance experiences. The 425 participants are from Chengdu University and Chengdu Normal University, engaged in online learning in 2021-2022.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> Students' online engagement inefficiencies arise from distractions like mobile phones, subpar materials, and familial disruptions. Online learning presents challenges for college students, such as tracking progress and teacher-student interaction. The shift from traditional teaching due to the epidemic has introduced hurdles like diminished focus, limited instant communication, and eye strain.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The University of Chengdu's study on factors impacting art major postgraduate students' online learning engagement offers valuable insights for enhancing online education during the pandemic, underlining crucial areas requiring attention and development to ensure a successful transition while upholding instructional standards.</p> Sicheng Dong Changhan Li Copyright (c) 2023 Sicheng Dong, Changhan Li 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 311 326 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3451 An Investigation of Attitude toward Exercise and Services Expected from Fitness Center of People at Jiaying University <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> This research investigates the attitudes of individuals towards exercise and the services they expect from the fitness center at Jiaying University. The study aims to achieve the following objectives: (1) To examine the attitudes of Jiaying University's community, including teachers, staff, and students, towards exercise and various forms of physical activity. And (2) To identify the specific services that people anticipate receiving from Jiaying University's fitness center.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> The research population comprises a total of 30,462 individuals, including teachers, staff, and students at Jiaying University, China, during the academic year 2022. The sample group for this study consisted of 379 participants who were selected using questionnaires as the primary data collection tool. Statistical analysis of the data involved calculating percentages, means, and standard deviations.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The research findings are summarized as follows: Analysis of the population's attitudes toward exercise revealed that the top three factors with the highest agreement among respondents were: enhancing cardiovascular health, reducing fat accumulation in blood vessels, and slowing down the aging process. Examination of the services expected from Jiaying University's fitness center identified the following top three priorities: ensuring the safety of members, providing attentive employees, and maintaining high-quality equipment standards.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> This study sheds light on the attitudes of Jiaying University's community towards exercise and their expectations regarding the services offered by the university's fitness center. The key areas of focus in this research encompass (1) the factors influencing exercise, (2) attitudes towards physical activity, (3) the management of the fitness center, and (4) the services anticipated from such a facility.</p> Desheng Liu Copyright (c) 2023 Desheng Liu 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 327 332 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3425 A Development of the Evaluation Indicator for the Sustainable Development of Elementary School Basketball in Anhui Province <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> School basketball in Anhui Province is one of the earliest provinces approved by the Ministry of Education. Given the important role of school basketball in Anhui Province in the reform of physical education and the fundamental role of school basketball in the selection of competitive basketball reserves, it is crucial to guide the scientific and sustainable development of school basketball in Anhui Province. Thus, the research aimed to develop a comprehensive and scientific evaluation indicator system for the sustainable development of school basketball in Anhui Province.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods</strong>: The main research instrument of this research was expert questionnaires. The population is 31 experts. The Delphi technique was used to select 19 experts in the field of school basketball to determine the final indicator system. Using the AHP method, the researchers calculated the weights for each indicator in the evaluation indicator system based on the experts' judgments. This process contributed to an objective and quantitative determination of the indicators' importance.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The scientificity and applicability of the research process and results were validated through a focus group. Data analysis uses the mean, standard deviation, coefficient of variation, frequency statistics, and Kendall's concordance coefficient test work. The research determined the evaluation indicator system through two rounds of expert consultation, resulting in four first-level indicators, 11 second-level indicators, and 35 third-level indicators. In this research, the hierarchical analysis method (AHP) was used to determine the weights of the indicators at all levels. The research findings indicated that the developed evaluation indicator system received recognition and support from the experts in terms of its scientificity, rationality of evaluation standards, and comprehensiveness.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The system provided an effective evaluation tool for assessing the sustainable development of school basketball in Anhui Province, guiding relevant decision-making processes, and offering reference points for improvements.</p> Yang Lei Thongchat Phucharoen Copyright (c) 2023 Yang Lei, Thongchat Phucharoen 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 333 350 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3500 The Effects of Table Tennis, Basketball, and Athletics on the Prevention and Control of Myopia in Elementary School Students <p><strong>Background and Aim</strong><strong>: </strong>The visual acuity of children and adolescents is declining, which seriously affects the physical health of children and adolescents with the continuous integration and development of sports and health fields, many studies have shown that sports are closely related to the eye health of children and adolescents. Therefore, this study conducts table tennis, basketball, and athletics research on the prevention and control of myopia in elementary school students, and compares the effects.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods</strong><strong>:</strong> This study conducted a 24-week exercise experiment intervention on children with low vision, selected 80 experimental samples that meet the requirements of the experimental research, and divided the 80 students into 4 groups on average using random grouping, set up 1 control group and 3 experimental groups. One-way repeated measures analysis of variance was performed on the data of the three experimental groups and control groups.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>The facility of accommodation and relative accommodation ability of the three experimental groups were significantly improved, while those of the control group were significantly decreased, indicating that the experimental intervention of table tennis, basketball, and athletics can improve the facility of accommodation and relative accommodation functions of the eyes. From the results of the change of the equivalent spherical mirror degree, it can be shown that the table tennis group has the best control effect, followed by basketball, and the third is athletics.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusions: (1) </strong>Professionally designed table tennis, basketball, and athletics have a preventive effect on myopia diopter, and can control and slow down the progression of myopia to a certain extent. (2) Designing exercise programs related to the principles of eye movement is more effective in preventing and controlling elementary school students’ myopia than traditional physical education courses. And (3) The intervention methods of table tennis, basketball, and athletics in this study to prevent myopia can be promoted and used in physical education classes in elementary and secondary schools.</p> Yanling Huang Prakit Hongsaenyatham Chanchai Siriphan Copyright (c) 2023 Yanling Huang, Prakit Hongsaenyatham, Chanchai Siriphan 2023-11-17 2023-11-17 3 6 351 358 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3511 Construction of The Evaluation Index System for The Implementation of College Students' Physical Health Promotion Policies in Heilongjiang Province <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> Since the 19th National Congress of the Communist Party of China made significant arrangements for the Healthy China strategy, policies for promoting students' physical health have been introduced in a "burst" manner, and the promotion of students' physical health has been increasingly valued and the main objective of this study was Construction of an evaluation system for the execution of policies for promoting students' physical health in universities in Heilongjiang Province.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> The initial indicators of the evaluation system for the implementation of the physical health promotion policy of college students in Heilongjiang Province were selected by using research methods such as literature review, field survey, etc. The evaluation index system for the implementation of the physical health promotion policy of college students in Heilongjiang Province was finally constructed through the mathematical statistics method and the 3 rounds of the Delphi method, and the expert opinions were standardized using the entropy weight method combined with the mathematical statistics method, Calculate the weights of various levels of indicators in the evaluation system for the execution of physical health promotion policies for college students in Heilongjiang Province.</p> <p><strong>Result:</strong> (1) The evaluation system for the execution of policies to promote the physical health of college students in Heilongjiang Province consists of 5 first-level indicators, 9 second-level indicators, and 26 third-level indicators. The first level indicator with the greatest weight was executive subject consensus (0.512) and the indicator with the least weight was policy implementation personnel value orientation (0.114). The secondary level indicator with the greatest weight was the material allocation of the physical health promotion policy (0.569) and the indicator with the least weight was the value orientation of executive staff (0.114). 26 third-level indicators and weight coefficients are constructed based on first-level and second-level indicators.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The total evaluation system for the execution of policies to promote the physical health of college students in Heilongjiang Province consists are 40 indicators. According to expert evaluation, it was found that the index evaluation system is reasonable, scientific, and rigorous, forming a relatively complete evaluation system for the execution of policies to evaluate the physical health of college students in Heilongjiang Province.</p> Haiquan Du Panya Sungkawadee Copyright (c) 2023 Haiquan Du , Panya Sungkawadee 2023-11-19 2023-11-19 3 6 359 374 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3527 Construction of a Sensory Integration Physical Education Model to Improve Basic Motor Skills in Primary Schools <p><strong>Background and aims:</strong> In the construction of primary schools' basic motor skills sensory integration sports model, the study also entered a new teaching concept model, which is the original physical education curriculum model to deepen the reform, highlighting the health goals of the construction of the curriculum model, the value of which includes physical health, improve mental health, and enhance social resilience of a training model. This paper aims to help Chinese primary school students improve sensory integration disorder and basic motor skills ability in the lower grades of primary school, a physical education model of basic motor skills in primary schools was constructed.</p> <p><strong>Materials and methods: </strong>In this study, the questionnaire method and expert interview method were used to collect data from 50 teachers and 1000 first-grade students, and a sample of 390 students and 50 teachers were selected to study the current status of basic motor skills and sensory integration ability of primary school first-grade students and then used Delphi technology, focus groups, and Connoisseurship to determine the basic motor skills sensory integration physical education teaching model in primary schools.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The study shows that the experts participating in the study recognize the integration of sensory integration teaching mode and basic motor skills teaching mode, and the basic motor skills sensory integration physical education teaching mode in primary schools is consistent with the standard concept of Chinese physical education and health curriculum, which is an expansion and extension of the teaching content of physical education courses to help students' all-round physical and mental development.</p> <p><strong>Conclusions:</strong> The study underscores experts' validation of integrating sensory and motor skills teaching in Chinese primary school physical education. This innovative approach aligns with holistic curriculum goals, promoting students' comprehensive physical and mental development.</p> YingYu Li Chanchai Siriphan Copyright (c) 2023 YingYu Li, Chanchai Siriphan 2023-11-19 2023-11-19 3 6 375 384 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3640 Meditation Development Model to Improve Training the Table Tennis Skills of Primary School Students in Guangzhou City <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> In recent years, table tennis has developed rapidly throughout the country and abroad. At present, primary school students are in an important stage of physical and mental development while paying more attention to the development of physical and mental health. However, there are fewer studies on mindfulness training for primary school students. This study aimed to develop a mindfulness training model to improve table tennis skills for primary school students in Guangzhou city.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> This study is a research and development type. The researcher divided the boundaries of the sample group into 3 groups as follows 1. Teachers of table tennis in primary schools in Guangzhou City, a total of 196 teachers. 2. 19 experts, consisting of 10 table tennis coaches, 4 primary school table tennis teachers, and experts. In the area of meditation, there were 5 people selected from a specific selection. 3. 7 experts in the development of meditation training models towards the development of table tennis skills at the primary school level. Using mixed methods research there are qualitative research methods and quantitatively divided into 3 phases: Phase 1: Assessment of the table tennis learning conditions of elementary school students in Guangzhou; Phase 2: Develop a meditation training model and table tennis skill development. at the primary level With the Delphi technique; Phase 3: meeting with experts to confirm and certify.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> 1. The results of the evaluation of meditation, mindfulness, and table tennis skills training found that (1) It increases concentration in studying. (2) Table tennis skill training promotes concentration. (3) Helps promote and Practice movement skills. (4) Instructors must have high-level table tennis teaching skills respectively. 2. It was found that in the area of meditation and mindfulness training practicing Qigong consists of activities to practice Qigong to strengthen mindfulness and concentration in 4 poses of meditation practice and breathing practice that include: Breath adjustment poses, Chest stretching pose, Tha Inika Soaring Sky pose and Shankaya breath pose. Most had consistent opinions on all items (interquartile range 0.00 - 0.50).</p> <p><strong>Conclusion:</strong> Developing a meditation practice style combined with table tennis skills. It's extremely good because of the practice of Qigong it is the basic culture of China that has a history of over 1000 years. A model for applying mindfulness and concentration in table tennis. It gives Chinese athletes their own identity, especially at the youth level. The use of Qigong, which is a practice of body, mind, concentration, and breath, is admirable to be able to combine concepts and approaches so perfectly. Experts have further presented that the development of this model will help promote Confidence for athletes. </p> Chaoming Liang Achara Saochalerm Copyright (c) 2023 Chaoming Liang , Achara Saochalerm 2023-11-19 2023-11-19 3 6 385 398 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3738 Program Construction of Tennis Service Training on Student’s Tennis Classes at Xi’an Physical Education University <p><strong>Background and Aim: </strong>The tennis serving technology is the most difficult technology for students to learn and master. This research aimed to construct a tennis serving training program for Xi’an Physical Education University students.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>The participants of this research were 36 people, through purposive sampling, the participants included 5 experts to conduct preliminary expert interviews, 7 experts to test the reliability and validity of the index with IOC, 15 experts to reach an expert consensus on the tennis service training program with Delphi method, 9 experts to discuss the tennis serve training program with a focus group. Using mean, standard deviation, median value, and coefficient of variation to analyze the data. The IOC value of the tennis serve training program was 0.94.</p> <p><strong>Result: </strong>The result shows that the scientific nature of the training program index of the tennis special class students of Xi'an University of Physical Education, the rationality of the time proportion allocation, the suitability of the training content intensity, the comprehensiveness and logic of the tennis serving training program have been recognized and supported by the experts. Finally, 3 first-level indicators, 13 second-level indicators, and 35 third-level indexes were obtained.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion:</strong> The core concept and technical training in the first level index is the basis of mastering the tennis serve, physical training and psychological training are fundamental to strengthening and improving the tennis serve technology, to improve the tennis serve each is indispensable. According to the individual differences of students to carry out a reasonable training program, we need to conduct comprehensive learning and training to improve the serving level of college tennis students.</p> Guang Shi Thawatchai Kanchanataweekul Copyright (c) 2023 Guang Shi, Thawatchai Kanchanataweekul 2023-11-19 2023-11-19 3 6 399 412 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3737 Effect of Imagery Training on College Students’ Basketball Shooting Accuracy <p><strong>Background and Aim</strong><strong>:</strong> The difficulty in basketball shooting predominantly arises from a lack of adequate physical abilities, incomplete skill development, and a shortage of appropriate training. The objective of this research was to integrate meditation training and imagery training into the shooting training of the college men's basketball team at Xi'an Aviation College.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods</strong><strong>: </strong>In this research, the questionnaire survey method and experimental method were used. Three experts were invited to rate the shooting performance of 40 of China’s college basketball players, divided into 20 each in the experimental and control groups. In the experiment, the students' imaginative ability, self-confidence in shooting status, and scores of shooting performance were tested in the 1<sup>st</sup>, 4<sup>th</sup>, and 8<sup>th</sup> weeks, respectively, and then the results were compared and analyzed by T-test.</p> <p><strong>Results: </strong>After 8 weeks of training, the technical movements and shooting hit rate of the experimental group were significantly higher than that of the control group; the performance of the experimental group and the control group both improved after the experiment, but the experimental group had a significant increase in shooting performance, imagination ability, and shooting status self-confidence, while the control group only had a significant increase in the total score of shooting performance.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion:</strong> College students' shooting scores are affected by a variety of factors, and each student's learning needs and strengths are different, so the teaching program needs to be flexibly adapted to suit the needs of different students. These results showed that the integration of meditation training and imagery training can significantly improve college students' shooting performance more than traditional shooting training, as well as improve students' imagery ability and shooting self-confidence, which in turn improves the quality of shooting training.</p> Zhen Zhang Suvachai Rittisom Thawatchai Kanchanataweekul Copyright (c) 2023 Zhen Zhang, Suvachai Rittisom, Thawatchai Kanchanataweekul 2023-11-19 2023-11-19 3 6 413 424 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3686 Efficacy of Core Strength Exercises in Enhancing Rebound Jump Performance in Martial Arts Athletes <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> Core strength exercises have become a focus in sports performance and injury prevention research. The core muscles, which include the diaphragm, abdominal muscles, and pelvic floor muscles, are instrumental in providing stability and power during athletic activities. The study focuses on the impact of core strength exercises on specific performance metrics—namely, the standing long jump and rebound jump—in martial arts athletes.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> The study employs a structured, eight-week intervention program to investigate the effects of core exercises on martial arts athletic performance. The study involves forty student-athletes from Guangzhou Sport University, divided into an Experimental Group (EG) and a Control Group (CG). Various physical tests are conducted both pre- and post-intervention to measure the effects. Statistical analyses, including Two-way ANOVA, are used to interpret the data.</p> <p><strong>Result</strong><strong>:</strong> For the standing long jump, the Two-way ANOVA showed no significant effect of training (F=1.129, p=0.291) or time point (F=0.587, p=0.446). Effect sizes, measured by Cohen's d, indicate a slight benefit in the core reinforcement group with a value of d=0.425, compared to d=0.111 in the non-reinforcement group. In the case of the rebound jump index, there is a pronounced effect from the group (F=4.92, p=0.03) and the time point (F=105.97, p&lt;0.001). Large effect sizes were observed, with d=2.5522 for the core reinforcement group and d=2.0457 for the no core reinforcement group.</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusion:</strong> For standing Long Jump: Given the absence of a significant impact of core reinforcement on this metric, coaches, and athletes might consider incorporating other methodologies, such as plyometrics or attentional focus strategies, into their training regimen. For the rebound Jump Index: Core reinforcement exercises should be strongly considered for inclusion in warm-up routines for martial arts athletes, given the substantial effect size observed.</p> Huiping Gong Suvachai Rittisom Prakit Hongsaenyatham Copyright (c) 2023 Huiping Gong, Suvachai Rittisom, Prakit Hongsaenyatham 2023-11-19 2023-11-19 3 6 425 436 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3756 The Evaluation of China's Double Reduction Policy: A Case Study in Dongming County Mingde Primary School <p><strong>Background and Aim:</strong> The "Double Reduction Policy" has been formulated and implemented by the Chinese government to reduce the homework load of primary and secondary school students and regulate off-campus training institutions. This study aims to assess the impact of the double reduction policy implemented at Mingde Primary School in Dongming County. The evaluation will be conducted using the Stufflebeam CIPP Model, which includes an assessment of the policy's context, input, process, and product aspects. The findings of this study will provide valuable insights into the impact of the policy.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods:</strong> The research methodology used in this study is qualitative. Data was collected through document analysis and interviews with 20 key informants, who were purposefully selected. The informants included school administrators, teachers, parents, and students. The qualitative data collected was analyzed using content analysis.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> This research examines the implementation of the Double Reduction Policy in China, a top-down policy model aimed at reducing homework and after-school tutoring pressure on primary and secondary school students. The results indicate that the policy successfully eases pressure on families and students and enhances teacher development. However, it also increases management time and results in longer working hours for teachers after school. The research findings align with the experiences of school administrators, teachers, and parents involved in the policy implementation. The study highlights both the advantages and disadvantages of the policy, emphasizing the need for a balanced perspective considering the diverse perspectives of stakeholders.</p> <p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>The research on implementing the Double Reduction Policy in China provides valuable insights into its impact on various stakeholders. The findings reveal that the policy effectively addresses the issue of homework and after-school tutoring pressure, benefiting families and students by reducing their workload. Additionally, it promotes teacher development and strengthens free online learning services. However, it is essential to acknowledge that the policy also brings challenges, such as increased management time and longer working hours for teachers after school. This research provides valuable insights for policymakers, educators, and other stakeholders involved in education reform efforts. It emphasizes the need for comprehensive and thoughtful approaches when implementing policies to reduce academic pressure on students and improve educational outcomes.</p> Danyang Li Chaimongkhon Supromin Supit Boonlab Copyright (c) 2023 Danyang Li , Chaimongkhon Supromin, Supit Boonlab 2023-11-19 2023-11-19 3 6 437 450 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3760 Enhancing Socially Responsible Leadership for Undergraduate Students in Thailand: A Quantitative Model <p><strong>Background and Aims:</strong> With the need for social profits and benefits in social development, Thailand needs to train their future leaders to possess leadership value-based, participated, purposed, and non-authoritative to resolve emerging social issues like social inequity, environmental pollution, democratic development, etc.; consequently, socially responsible leadership is a sort of tool can solve the problems and make better for society in Thailand; the research would conduct the five objectives in the researcher to propose a suitable model for enhancing socially responsible leadership for undergraduate students in Thailand: 1) to find what levels of socially responsible leadership are for university students in Thailand; 2) to find what levels of involvement frequency in activities can advance socially responsible leadership for university students in Thailand; 3) to determine whether there is a significant difference between student demographics and socially responsible leadership for university students in Thailand; 4) to determine whether there is a significant relationship between leadership activities and socially responsible leadership for university students in Thailand; 5) to propose a suitable model for developing socially responsible leadership for university students in Thailand.</p> <p><strong>Materials and Methods: </strong>The researcher conducted the three theories: the social change model of leadership, the four types of leadership activities that can enhance socially responsible leadership for undergraduate students, and demographics of students; the research quantitative analysis and modeling; the duration of collecting data was in 6 months; there were 600 valid data from five representative universities in Bangkok, Thailand; then, the researcher would conduct model validation by five scholars from the universities in Bangkok, Thailand and an evaluation model as the CIPP.</p> <p><strong>Results:</strong> The research includes the following findings: 1) there were eight dimensions of socially responsible leadership in higher education context in Thailand: commitment, controversy with civility, congruence, change, consciousness of self, collaboration, common purpose, citizenship; 2) there were the four types of leadership activities can enhance socially responsible leadership in higher education in Thailand: game related activities, student organizational and interesting club activities, classroom activities and leadership workshops; 3) there were three types of students who need to enhance the leadership: males, aged less than 18, and first-year level; 4) the researcher found almost the four types of leadership activities can be associated with the eight dimensions of socially responsible leadership (p&lt;.05) ; 5) according to the results of model validation, the five scholars approved the model has possibilities to enhance socially responsible leadership for undergraduates in Thailand by given scores (≥0.60).</p> <p style="font-weight: 400;"><strong>Conclusions:</strong> The model advises enhancing socially responsible leadership for undergraduates, males aged under 18, and first-year students in higher education in Thailand and higher education institutions in Thailand, which could lead to the four types of leadership activities appropriately. Furthermore, the model can provide practical paradigms for developing socially responsible leadership for related stakeholders concerned with student development in higher education in Thailand.</p> Chongyan Zhang Copyright (c) 2023 Chongyan Zhang 2023-11-19 2023-11-19 3 6 451 468 10.60027/ijsasr.2023.3777