RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb <p><strong> RATANABUTH JOURNAL</strong> ISSN : 2697-6641(Print), ISSN : 2822-0080(Online) this is a 4-month academic journal. (3 issues per year, No. 1 January – April, No. 2 May-August, No. 3 September-December). Objectives to publish research articles and academic articles for researchers, academics, faculty, and students including religion, philosophy, law, political science, public administration, linguistics, applied studies, and other interdisciplinary areas.</p> <p> Articles to be considered for publication to passed the consideration at least of 2 peer reviews in the form of a hearing (Peer-Reviewed) before publishing and was a double blinded assessment. The consideration of publishing articles in both Thai and English.</p> <p> Views and opinions contained in the articles as <strong>RATANABUTH JOURNAL</strong>, it is the responsibility of the author of the article and is not regarded as the viewpoint of the editorial teams as <strong>RATANABUTH JOURNAL</strong>, copyright in not reserved, bur provides references of attribution.</p> en-US journal26976641@gmail.com (อ.ดร.พิกุล มีมานะ) journal26976641@gmail.com (อ.ดร.พิกุล มีมานะ) Thu, 31 Aug 2023 11:23:25 +0700 OJS 3.3.0.8 http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss 60 Proposed Policy for Problem Solutions and Guidelines for Improvement in 3-Year Development Plan: A Case Study of Esarn Municipal District, Buriram Province https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2708 <p>The objectives of this research were 1) Study the level of problem solving in the preparation of a three-year development plan. 2) Comparison of problems in preparation of three-year development plans classified by sex, age, education, occupation, length of stay in the community. and 3) to make a policy proposal, asking the organization's three-year development plan to respond to research. foot The total number of people residing in Isan Mahasarakham municipality was 18,391 people, selected from the sample group according to the formula of Taro Yamane, 391 people. The instrument used for data collection was a questionnaire. The qualitative part used in-depth interview technique for 15 people. The opinions of the sample group towards policy proposals to solve problems and ways to improve the preparation of three-year development plans were at a high level with an average of 4.14 (S.D.=0.23). To policy proposals to solve problems and ways to improve the preparation of plans classified by gender, age, education, occupation and length of residence in the community. It was found that overall and each aspect were not different. The results of the analysis of opinions on policy proposals to solve problems and ways to improve the preparation of development plans 1) The municipality has a development plan to support and increase efficiency. 2) The development of agriculture and industry is considered the heart of the people because of the occupation of the people in the area. 3) The plan must be based on good governance so that the community Access and participate in local joint development to create balance in management and fairness.</p> Thanapat Jongmeesuk, Pattaraphon Todsamat, Sakon Phromsathit Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2708 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Knowledge Sharing and Innovative Work Behaviors of Supervisory-Level Employees in a Packaging Manufacturing Company https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2704 <p> The objective of this research was to study the Factors affecting Knowledge Sharing and Innovative Work Behavior model and verify the consistency of the developed model with empirical data. The quantitative research method is employed. The sample group are 350 supervisory-level employees at Thai Containers Group Co., Ltd.. The questionnaire was employed as research instrument. Data is analyzed by the structural equation model (SEM).</p> <p> The results of analyzed influence path model showed that Subjective Norm, Trust and Leader Member Exchange have a positive influence on Knowledge Sharing, and the Leader Member Exchange and Knowledge Sharing have a positive influence on the Innovative Work Behavior. The developed influence path model is consistent with the empirical data, the Chi-Square value are 364.199, with statistical significance at 0.06, The Chi-Square correlation are 1.194, and Comparative Fit Index (CFI) are 0.993, Goodness of Fit Index (GFI) are 0.944, Normed Fit Index (NFI) are 0.964, Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) are 0.024 and Root Mean Residual (RMR) are 0.018. The factors that have the most influence on Knowledge Sharing are Trust, Leader Member Exchange and Subjective Norm.</p> Bhakin Angkavichai, Chuanchuen Akkawanitcha Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2704 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Vision in Administrative Dimensions and Academic Administration of Teachers Naluang School Bangkok https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/1969 <p>This research aims to study 1) The level of vision in the management dimension 2) The level of academic administration 3) The relationship of the vision in the administrative dimension and the academic administration of the teachers of Naluang School Bangkok. This population was 54 teachers of Naluang School Bangkok. The instrument used was a questionnaire. data analysis Finding Percentage, Mean, and Standard Deviation and find a relationship by Pearson's Product Moment Correlation Coefficient.</p> <p>The results of the research found that most of the respondents were female, 93 people aged 30-40 years, 104 people, 36 people with bachelor's degree, 120 people with less than 10 years of work experience, representing 153 people 1) Vision in overall management dimensions at a high level When considering each aspect, it was found that the first place was the vision creation aspect, followed by the vision dissemination aspect. And lastly, is the implementation of the vision. 2) Overall academic administration is at a high level. When considering each item, it was found that the first place was in the aspect of evaluation and comparison of the results transfer, followed by the teaching and learning management in educational institutions. in the field of curriculum development for educational institutions and the last place is the development of the learning process. 3) Vision in the administrative dimension and academic administration of Naluang School Bangkok, overall, the positive relationship was at a moderate level with a statistical significance at the 0.01 level.</p> Wichan Rianwilairat, Thanakrit Rachatasirakul, Sirikawin Krutkrongphan Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/1969 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Factor Affecting Environmentally Responsible Behaviors of Secondary school Student 3 under the Office of Secondary Educational Service Udon Thani https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2793 <p>The purposes of this study were 1) to study the level of student’s environmentally responsible behaviors and the level of the factors effecting on student’s environmentally responsible behaviors 2) to study the relationships between the factors effecting and student’s environmentally responsible behaviors 3) to study the factors effecting on student’s environmentally responsible behaviors and make the equation for prediction student’s environmentally responsible behaviors. The samples were 420 students from secondary school under the Office of Secondary Educational Service Udon Thani. Data collected by the rating scale questionaries and the environmental knowledge test. The data were analyzed by Mean, Standard Deviation, Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient and Multiple regression analysis. The results were as follows: 1) The secondary 3 school students under the office of Secondary Educational Service Udon Thani had environmentally responsible behaviors at moderate level. They had environmentally responsible behaviors in resource actions at high level. Citizenship actions, consumption, instrument usings, waste reductions and environmental activities in moderate level. As for the level of factors affecting students' environmental responsibility behaviors, Overall, it was at a high level. 2) Environmental attitude, self-efficacy, intrinsic motivation, getting social support, future orientation and self-control, internal locus of control, environmental knowledge has positive relations with student’s environmentally responsible behaviors under the Office of Secondary Educational Service Udon Thani at 0.05 significance level. When analyzes the correlation coefficient between the predictor and student’s environmentally responsible behaviors, the range of the correlation coefficient was between 0.54 - 0.79 3) The factors that affected student’s environmentally responsible behaviors under the Office of Secondary Educational Service Udon Thani at 0.05 significance level. Were internal locus of control, Environmental attitude, environmental knowledge, intrinsic motivation, getting social support, self-efficacy and future orientation and self-control respectively. That could predict at 80 percent.</p> Patcharin Danoi, Maneeya Surat Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2793 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The use of Merit-Kiriya-Wathu 3 Principles for Improving the Quality of Life of the Elderly in the Northeastern Region https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2750 <p> Research on this subject purpose 1) to study the development of the quality of life of the elderly in the northeast 2) to study the use of merit-kiriyawathu 3 for the development of the quality of life of the elderly in the northeast 3) To suggest the use of Meritkiriyawathu 3 for improving the quality of life of the elderly in the northeastern region. The sample used in the research were 86 elderly people aged 60 years and over, both. The tool used to collect data was a questionnaire. The statistics used to analyze data from the questionnaire were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation.</p> <p> The research found that 1) The development of the quality of life of the elderly in the northeastern region, including all 3 aspects, was at a high level. When considering each side, the averages can be ordered from descending to the lowest, namely the 2nd aspect of living conditions, followed by the 2nd aspect of physical condition, and the least of the 1st aspect of emotional condition. 2). A model for enhancing attitudes towards learning Thai dialects for children and adolescents in the Upper Northeast of Sukapi. Overall, the 4 aspects are very high. Considering each aspect, it can be ranked by the mean of the least to least. The third is the key (Q), the second is the Chi (thinking) and the least is the first (listening). 3) The use of the principle of merit-kiriyawathu 3 for improving the quality of life of the elderly in the northeastern region, including all 3 aspects, was at a high level. When considering each side, it can be ranked in order of average from descending, namely the 2nd aspect of precepts, the 3rd aspect of prayer, and the least aspect of the 1st aspect of alms giving. 4) Handbook for the promotion of attitudes towards learning Thai dialects for children and youth in accordance with the Suchitipoli principle, the lower northeast region It was found that according to the principles and reasons, the objectives of the promotion of Thai language learning for children and youth according to the Supuli principle, the activities used Operating procedures Expected results Monitoring and evaluation.</p> Phramaha Amnoy Nomrawee, Prapit Boranmoon, Uthai Phookodhin, Suwanan Chaloeipot Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2750 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Strategic Factor Development Management that Affects Being a Learning Organization of the Local Government Organization https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2749 <p> Local government organizations need to adjust their strategies to facilitate knowledge transfer within and outside the organization. The key objective is to establish the best practices for efficient work performance. The purpose of this research is to study the factors that influence the strategic management of local government organizations as learning organizations. It aims to investigate the factors that affect the organization's learning capability and to create and validate a model for the organization as a learning organization within the local government authorities in the Northeastern Region of Thailand. The population and sample groups include 324 individuals consisting of administrators and staff working in local government organizations. The study will utilize the Yamane formula and employ stratified random sampling. The tools used will include a questionnaire with a confidence level ranging from .711 to .875. The statistical techniques employed will include mean, standard deviation, and multiple regression analysis.</p> <p> The research findings indicate that the overall average of strategic management factors influencing the organization as a learning organization for local government organizations is ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}" />= 3.28). The predictive factors for the organization as a learning organization can be summarized into eight dimensions, namely: participation in management, vision, teamwork, strategy, knowledge management, commitment, personnel development, and technology. The respective regression coefficients (ß) for these dimensions are .246, .327, .120, .147, .113, .102, .118, and -.120. The prediction rate is 74.5% in order of magnitude. The model of the local government organization as a learning organization in the Northeastern Region emphasizes the importance of utilizing information technology as a key tool for management. It also highlights the significance of teamwork to elevate the organization's status as a recognized learning organization. Furthermore, it stresses the necessity of developing essential skills and knowledge for personnel in utilizing technology for knowledge management. Importantly, the active involvement of personnel within the organization is crucial in driving the advancement of the organization as a learning organization model.</p> Santi Okapanom , Phakdee Phosing, Yupaporn Yupas Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2749 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Development of Learning Activities using Storyline Method that Promotes Achievement and Retention in Learning on The Subject of History for Prathomsuksa 5 Students https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2899 <p>The objectives of this research were: 1. To create and find the efficiency of learning activities using storyline method that promotes achievement and retention in learning on the subject of history according to the 80/80 criteria. 2. Study the results of using storyline learning activities as follows: 2.1 Compare the learning achievement of Prathomsuksa 5 students with the criteria of 80%. 2.2 Study the retention of learning of students studying with storyline learning activities. The sample consisted of 24 grade 5 students obtained by cluster random sampling. The experimental period was 3 weeks. The research method was divided into 2 steps: Step 1: Creating and finding the efficiency of storyline learning activities; Step 2: Studying the results of using storyline learning activities. The statistics used for data analysis were mean ( <img title="{\bar{x}}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?{\bar{x}}" />) , standard deviation (S.D.), t-test (one sample) and t-test (Dependent).</p> <p><strong>The results showed that</strong><strong>:</strong></p> <ol> <li>Storyline learning activities consisted of 6 activities, namely activities 1. Ayutthaya kingdom 2. Important people in Ayutthaya period 3. Thai wisdom in Ayutthaya period 4. Thonburi kingdom 5. Important people in Thonburi period and 6. Wisdom Thai Thonburi period There are 7 steps in organizing activities: 1. Preparing topic 2. Preparing the subject binding 3. Setting the main question 4. The learners answer the main question 5. Class arrangement 6. Evaluation 7. Determination teaching period When taking it to inspect the quality, it was found that it was at the highest level of suitability. and the activity efficiency was 85.27/83.61</li> <li>The student's academic achievement after school was higher than the 80% criterion with a statistical significance at the .05 level.</li> <li>The test scores after the test and the test after 2 weeks were not significantly different at the .05 level. The learners had retention in learning.</li> </ol> Chadaphorn Suksong, Thanyaporn Kongkhan Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2899 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 A Construction of Summary Writing Efficiency Test of Thai subject for Senior high School Student under The Nong Khai Secondary Education Service Area Office https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2806 <p>The objectives of this research were 1) to create a writing competency assessment form for summarizing Thai subjects. For high school students Under the Office of Nong Khai Secondary Education Service Area 2) to study the quality of the Thai language summaries writing ability test 3) to create a manual for the use of the Thai language summaries writing ability test, semester 2, academic year 2022, amount 547 people. The tools used in this research were The Thai Language Conclusion Writing Competence Test consists of 32 questions aimed at measuring the ability to write summaries that include summarizing elements, namely main themes and key points. support message and further explanation It is a situational test, multiple choice, 5 multiple choices, 30 items and 2 subjective items. Statistics for data analysis in this research is to analyze the Index of Concordance (IOC) analysis of difficulty. Analyze the discriminant power value of the item-by-item measurements by using the Item Total Correlation formula to analyze the sentiment by using the method of Kuder-Richardson (KR-20) and Structural Validity Analysis by confirmatory factor analysis (CFA).</p> <p>The results showed that Thai language proficiency test form This is a situational exam suitable for senior high school students. The quality test can be used to measure the ability to write Thai language summaries. for senior high school students effectively .The result of the measurement quality check found that 1) Content validity (IOC) ranged from 0.80 – 1.00 2) Difficulty value ranged from 0.33 – 0.80 3) Classification power ranged from 0.40 – 0.764) Measurement design Structurally accurate which is consistent with empirical data with chi-square (<img title="x^{2}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?x^{2}" /> ) = 332.96 (p = 0.139), df = 306, RMR = 0.031, RMSEA = 0.016, GFI = 0.94 and AGFI = 0.91, and the reliability of the whole paper = 0.86. There was a content validity index of the manual for the ability to measure the ability to write summaries equal to 0.80.</p> Pachara Siriruttanaseesakun, Maneeya Surat Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2806 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Analysis of Professional Learning Community of Schools in Under Loei Primary Education Service Area Office 1 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2857 <p>The objectives of this research were: 1) to study the components of Professional Learning Community, and 2) examine the coherence of the measurement model of the components of Professional Learning Community of School in Under Loei Primary Education Service Area Office 1 with empirical data. The sample were school administrators and teachers 500 people. It was selected by many-step random sampling. The research instrument was conducted via a five - point rating scale questionnaire of Professional Learning Community of School in Under Loei Primary Education Service Area Office 1, with the reliability of 0.975. The statistical devices used for data analysis consisted of frequency, mean, standard deviation, and the consistency and appropriateness of the measurement model by the confirmatory factor analysis: CFA. The research result were as follows<strong>:</strong> 1) elements of Professional Learning Community of School in Under Loei Primary Education Service Area Office 1 in an overall aspect to exist at the “MUCH” level. That stood on the top of scale was Shared Values and Vision, Shared Leadership, Supportive Conditions, Learning Together, and Collaborative Teamwork. 2) The results of structural validity examination and structural confidence of the indicators and elements of personnel administration based on the four sublime states of mind of administrators in school were 5 elements and 14 observed manifest variables, the statistical significance at the .01 level. respectively, results Confirmatory factor analysis shows that the measurement model of was Professional Learning Community of School in Under Loei Primary Education Service Area Office 1 consistent with the empirical data, considering Chi-Square = 37.94 ค่า <img title="x^{2}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?x^{2}" />/ df = 1.31, Goodness of Fit Index (GFI) = 0.99, Adjusted Goodness of Fit Index (AGFI) = 0.96, and Root Mean Square Error of Approximation (RMSEA) = 0.02</p> Wilawan Sopharak, Kunnika Vaisopha Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2857 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 A Construction of analytical thinking ability test for Prathomsuksa 6 under the office of the basic education commission Udon Thani Province https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2862 <p> The purpose of this research is to 1) To create construction of analytical thinking ability test for Prathomsuksa 6 under the office of the basic education commission Udon Thani Province. 2) To determine the quality of the analytical thinking ability test for Prathomsuksa 6 students under the office of the basic education commission Udon Thani Province 3) To create a manual for the analytical thinking ability test for Prathomsuksa 6 students under the office of the basic education commission Udon Thani Province. The sample were used by 662 students who had studied for Prathomsuksa 6 in the 2022 academic year in Udon Thani province by multi-stage random sampling. The instrument used was a 45 questions test aimed at measuring analytical thinking abilities in 3 areas 1) Analysis of Elements 2) Analysis of Relationships 3) Analysis of Organizational Principles. Which is an exam with 4 options, correct answer 1-point, wrong answer 0 point. The research results concluded that.</p> <p> 1) Analytical thinking ability test It is a set of questions used to measure analytical thinking abilities, totaling 45 questions, in the form of 4 choices, 1 answer, which are used to measure analytical thinking abilities in 3 areas: Analysis of Elements, Analysis of Relationships, Analysis of Organizational Principles.</p> <p> 2) The content validity of the development of the measurement instruments of the of analytical thinking ability, investigated by calculating the item objective congruence index (IOC), was in the range of 0.60 – 1.00; Difficulty was range of 0.58 – 0.79; The item discrimination index was range of 0.58 – 0.79; Kuder-Richardson 20 reliability coefficient was 0.959; the measurements were structurally accurate. which is consistent with empirical data with Chi-square (X2) with 669.93 df was 666 (p=0.449); RMR was 0.025; RMSEA was 0.004; GFI was 0.94; and AGFI was 0.90;</p> <p> 3) A manual for analytical thinking ability test are suitable and contain all essential components Evaluation results of the manual for analytical thinking ability test by experts The validity index of the content and structure of the test was 0.83.</p> bhawinee benjawanich, Maneeya Surat Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2862 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Administration According to the Principle of good governance of Municipality in the Eastern Region of Thailand https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2866 <p><strong> </strong>There are three objectives of this research: 1) to study the general state of good governance in municipalities in the eastern part of Thailand, 2) to study measures to prevent corruption in municipalities in the eastern part of Thailand. and 3) to find a form of management that uses desirable governance principles. 30 key informants. The tools used in the study were structured interviews.</p> <p><strong> </strong>The results of the research were as follows: 1) Regarding the general situation regarding management according to the principles of good governance, it was found that most executives did not truly understand the principles of good governance. especially in the matter “Transparency” and “public participation”2) Regarding measures to prevent corrupt acts, it was found that local government organizations had clear policies and procedures that were clearly stated. Procedures are established that promote ethical behavior and hold employees accountable for their conduct. as well as encouraging the public to participate in various administrative activities of local government organizations3) Regarding the desirable governance-based management style, it was found that the management style should consist of the following: people-centered management. Community Knowledge Management Using a capable leader can actually manage and set high standards of performance.</p> Somporn Lungcharoen Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2866 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Development of Information Technology using skills of educational staff in Technology for Teaching and Learning Bureau at Office of the Basic Education Commission https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2869 <p>The purposes of this study were to study the need of development of Information Technology using skills of educational staff in Technology for Teaching and Learning Bureau at Office of the Basic Education Commission and compared the need of development of Information Technology using skills of educational staff which were computer aspect, communication system aspect and network technology aspect. The sample used in this study was 52 educational staff. Tool use in this study was the 5-rating scale questionnaire. Statistics used in data analysis were percentage, mean, standard deviation, F-test and Scheffe and the Pearson Product Moment Correlation.</p> <p>The results of the research found that 1) The level of demand for the data collection needs of users of learning technology institutes under the control of basic education. In descending order, the most common step is the computer side, the second is the multimedia system, and the last is the network technology that allows it. 2) The overall results of the comparison of the level of needs for developing information technology skills were not different. and when considering side by side comparison educational personnel There was a significant difference in computer skills only at the .05 level.</p> Tana Lerdtana Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2869 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Effects of Folk Play Activities on Empathy of Early Childhood Children https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2879 <p> A study of the effects of folk play activities on the empathy aspect of preschool children. The objectives of this research were 1) to study the empathy of early childhood children. 2) to compare the empathy of preschool children and after organizing folk play activities The research hypothesis is that after organizing local play activities of early childhood children, have a higher development of empathy than before organizing folk play activities The sample group used in the research were Kindergarten 3 students in the second semester of the academic year 2022 at Ban Hua Ngua School. (Usupharaj Wittayakarn) under the Office of the Basic Education Commission, Kammaed Sub-district, Kut Chum District, Yasothon Province. There were 24 students in one classroom, obtained by purposive selection. There were 2 types of tools used in this study and data collection: 1) 20 plans activity of folk play activities on compassionate behaviors of early childhood children; another For kindergarten students, grade 3, 25 questions Summary of the study From the study and data analysis, the findings can be summarized as follows: 1. The development of empathy in early childhood children. that has been organized to play folk activities 2. Comparison of empathy development of preschool children. After organizing local play activities, early childhood children had high development in empathy. than before the event was statistically significant at the .05 level.</p> Dararat Saardmuang Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2879 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Relationship Between 21st Century Skills of School Administrators and Teachers’ Performance Motivation In Schools Under Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2883 <p><strong> </strong>The aims of this thesis were (1) To study skill levels of school administrators in 21<sup>st</sup> century. (2) To study levels of teachers’ performance motivation. (3) To study relationship between 21<sup>st</sup> century skills of school administrators and teachers’ performance motivation. Research samples were 218 teachers in schools under Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 3. The data collecting tool was 5 levels rating scale questionnaire with reliability 0.973. Statistics used for this descriptive research data analysis were frequencies, percentage, mean and standard deviation. Inferential statistics was Correlation Coefficient of Pearson for significant variables.</p> <p>The study results showed that: 1) Skill levels of school administrators in school under Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 in 21<sup>st</sup> century, was in high level. 2) Levels of teachers’ performance motivation in schools under Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 3, was in high level. 3) Relationship between 21<sup>st</sup> century skills of school administrators and teachers’ performance motivation in schools under Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 via Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient testing, was in high level of 0.757 which the positive relationship or in the same way with statistical significance level at the .01.</p> Kittipong Thasa, Kannika Vaisopha Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2883 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Development of Learning Activities using Constructivism to Promote Creative A Good Citizenship to The Way of Democracy in Social Studies Subject of Mathayomsuksa 3 Students https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2900 <p>The​ purpose​ of​ this​ research​ is​ to 1) Create and check the quality of learning activities using constructivism to promote creativity, a​ good​ citizenship to​ the​ way​ of​ democracy in social​ studies subject​ 6 of​ mathayomsuksa 3 students. 2) Study​ the results of​ learning activities using constructivism to promote creativity, a​ good​ citizenship to​ the​ way​ of​ democracy in social​ studies subject​ 6 of​ mathayomsuksa 3 students​ with​ 70​ percent. The research method was divided into 2 steps, steps: 1 create and check the quality of learning activities using constructivism to promote creativity, steps: 2 Study​ the results of​ learning​ activities​ using​ constructivism to compare creativity of​ mathayomsuksa 3 students after learning activities using constructivism​ with​ 70​ percent. The​ sample​ consisted​ of​ 24​ mathayomsuksa 3 students ​from​ 4​ classrooms,​ Implement activities for​ 7​ weeks, the​ data​ were​ analyzed​ using​ t-test (one​ sample), mean ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}" />) ​ and​ standard​ deviation (S.D.)</p> <p>The​ research​ results​ showed​ that:</p> <ol> <li>learning activities using constructivism to promote creativity according background, principle, objective, content, structure, measurement and evaluation. The overall quality assessment results of learning activities were appropriate at the highest level.</li> <li>Students' creativity​ after​ learning​ was​ higher than​ the​ criteria​ of​ 70​ percent​ with​ statistical significance at​ the​ .05​ level​ and​ students​ were​ satisfied with​ learning​ activities​ using​ creative​ theory​ at​ the​ highest​ level.</li> </ol> Pirada Siriwat Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2900 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Development Guidelines for Teacher in Creative Learning Management for Schools under the Maha Sarakham Primary Education Service Area Office 3 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2914 <p><strong> </strong>The purposes of this research were to 1) study the current and the desirable state of developing for teacher in creative learning management for schools under the Maha Sarakham primary education service area office 3. 2) study the development guidelines for teacher in creative learning management for schools under the The Maha Sarakham primary education service area office 3. The research process was divided to 2 phases: Phase 1 ; to study the current and the desirable state of developing for teacher in creative learning management. The sample group used in the research was administrators and teachers, 278 people, by stratified sampling. The research tool was a questionnaire, confidence of the whole .78. The statistics used for data analysis were mean, standard deviation. Phase 2; to study the development guidelines for teacher in creative learning management for schools under the Maha Sarakham primary education service area office 3. The target group is 7 experts. The research tool was interview form, Data analysis by content analysis.</p> <p> The research results were found that</p> <ol> <li>The current state in overall was high average and the desirable state in overall was in the highest level. The priority need rank from high to low level was 1) Promoting creative processes 2) learning management for learner's nature, potential and needs of learners 3) learning management for practice and experience.</li> <li>Guidelines for teacher development in creative learning management Include, 1) Promoting creative processes, 2 guidelines 2)learning management for learner's nature, potential and needs of learners, 2 guidelines 3)learning management for practice and experience, 2 guidelines</li> </ol> Nicksant Klangphimai, Pongphop Phoojomjit Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2914 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Ethical Leadership Administration of Small-School Administors Under Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2906 <p><strong> </strong>The objectives of this research were 1) to study the ethical leadership of executives. small school academy Under the Office of Loei Primary Education Service Area 3. 2) To compare the ethical leadership of school administrators in small schools. Under the Office of Loei Primary Education Service Area 3. Classified by gender, age, level of education and work experience The sample group used in this research was 425 teachers of a small school under the Office of Loei Primary Educational Service Area 3 in the academic year 2022. tools used in The research was a 5-point estimation questionnaire with a reliability of 0.98. The statistics used to analyze the descriptive statistics were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation. and one-way analysis of variance.</p> <p> The results showed that Ethical Leadership Level of Small School Administrators Under the Office of Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 3, the overall level was at the highest level. When considering each aspect, it was found that it was at the highest level in all aspects, with the highest mean being honest, followed by respect, and the lowest mean being justice. overall and honesty Respect and responsibility are no different. Therefore, it is not in accordance with the assumptions set. As for justice, there was a statistically significant difference at the .05 level and up according to the hypothesis classified by age. The overall difference was statistically significant at the .01 level. when considering side by side It was found that all aspects were different at statistical significance at the .01 level of 4 aspects: justice. Honesty Respect and responsibility The results of this research are in accordance with the hypothesis set. Classified by level of education found that People with undergraduate and postgraduate education have an overall opinion. Justice and Responsibility no difference Therefore, it is not in accordance with the assumptions set. As for honesty and respect, there was a statistically significant difference at the .01 level, which was in line with the hypothesis. Classified by work experience overall and honesty Respect and responsibility are not different Therefore, it is not in accordance with the assumptions set. section of justice There was a statistically significant difference at the .05 level, so it was in accordance with the hypothesis.</p> krittayaphat sitasang, boonchuay sirikase Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2906 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Guidelines for Development Budgeting Management in Schools under The Secondary Educational Service Area Office Maha Sarakham https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2913 <p>The purposes of this research were to 1) study the current state, desirable state and need assessment for budgeting management in schools under the secondary educational service area office Maha Sarakham. 2) study guidelines for development budgeting management in schools under the secondary educational service area office Maha Sarakham. The research process was divided to 2 phases: Phase 1 ; to study the current state, desirable state and need analysis for budgeting management in schools. The sample group used in the research was administrators and teachers, 320 people. The research tool was a questionnaire. The statistics used for data analysis were mean, percentage, standard deviation. Phase 2; to study guidelines for development budgeting management in schools. The target group is 9 experts. The research tool was interview form, data analysis by content analysis.</p> <p> The research results were found that : 1. The current state in overall was moderate level, desirable state in overall was in the high level. The need assessment for budgeting management in schools rank from high to low level was 1) Asset management 2) Finance and account management 3) Educational resource mobilization 4) Checked, tracked, evaluated 5) Budget planning 2. Guidelines for development budgeting management in schools Include 1) asset management, guidelines are 1)Practice to regulations and laws 2)Planning asset management, Finance and account management, guidelines are 1)Promote and develop administrators and teachers about financial and accounting management 2)Practice to regulations and laws of financial and accounting management 3) Action plan for financial and accounting management, Educational resource mobilization, guidelines are 1)Participatory process for educational resource mobilization 2)Using benefit from educational resource mobilization 4) Checked, tracked, evaluated, guidelines are 1) Checked, tracked, evaluated for budgeting management 2) Report for checked, tracked, evaluated for budget using, Budget guidelines are 1)Practice planning and budget expenditure plan 2)The goal of budget expenditure operations.</p> Thitiphong Chuythaisong , Chayakan Ruangsuwan Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2913 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Development a Training Course in Increasing the Value of Kluai Brek Taek for a Career in Don Arang Subdistrict, Buriram Province https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2950 <p> Kluai Brek Taek produced by people in Don Arang Subdistrict, Buriram Province There is no concrete logo and banana distribution channels, so if developing in that section will affect the value added to Kluai Brek Taek. The objectives of this research were to develop a training course, study the results of using the training course and study people’s satisfaction in Don Arang Subdistrict, Buriram Province toward the training course to increase the value of Kluai Brek Taek. The target group was 3 experts and 38 people in Don Arang Subdistrict. Tools were the training course, manual, assessment form for the logo creation on Kluai Brek Taek packaging, assessment form for creating a Facebook fan page to sell Kluai Brek Taek and satisfaction assessment form. Statistics were percentage, mean, standard deviation and content analysis.</p> <p> The results of the research were as follows: 1) the training course consisted of 7 elements. 1) background and principles. In Thailand, bananas have been cultivated since ancient times to the present and were popular to eat bananas as food. It could be processed in various ways, including making Kluai Brek Taek. Meanwhile, people in Don Arang Subdistrict, Buriram Province brought bananas to make Kluai Brek Taek for a sale but still lacks value added by making the logo on packaging and making other selling methods, so the training course had been developed for people in the community. 2) the principles were to provide knowledge, understanding, skills, developing the logo on the packaging and creating a Facebook fan page to sell Kluai Brek Taek. 3) the objective is to provide people with knowledge, understanding, skills, developing the logo on the packaging and creating a Facebook fan page to sell Kluai Brek Taek. 4) the content is the development of broken banana packaging and Creation of banana distribution channels. 5) the structure of the course is time, content and total duration of 3 days. 6) organizing activities through lectures, discussions, practices, etc. 7) media/materials are course books, course manuals Training materials, slides, and 8) measurement and evaluation according to the objectives set and pass the criteria to a higher level. Logo evaluation results on the packaging of Kluai Brek Taek and creation of a Facebook fan page to sell Kluai Brek Taek for the overall was at the highest level. People in Don Arang Subdistrict satisfied with the training course for the overall was at the highest level.</p> Benchaporn Wannupatam, Suthiap La-ongthong, Wantanee Namsawat, Chaloemchai Charoenkiatkan, chatsaphon chanwongduen Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2950 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Intention to stay of generation Y government officer in the Revenue Department: the mediating role of employee engagement https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2918 <p> This study aims to study the factors affecting to Intention to stay and the mediating role of employee engagement on the effects of financial compensation, career growth opportunities, work life balance on intention to stay of generation Y government officer in the Revenue Department. The sample are 377 of government officer in the Revenue Department who are generation Y. The questionnaire is employed as research instrument. Data is analyzed by the structural equation model (SEM). The results showed that the level of the satisfaction in financial compensation is low level while career growth opportunities, work life balance, employee engagement and intention to stay are high level. The hypothesis tests had been found that financial compensation, career growth opportunities and work life balance have a positive influence on employee engagement, employee engagement have a positive influence on intention to stay. the mediation results show full mediation of employee engagement on the effects of financial compensation, career growth opportunities, work life balance on intention to stay.</p> Phornpailin Johkhao, Chuanchuen Akkawanitcha Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2918 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The The Implementation of a National Strategic Plan on Strengthening Knowledge of Antimicrobials Resistance and Awareness of Rational Antimicrobial Use among the Public https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2929 <p><strong> </strong>In August 2016, the Council of Ministers of Thailand approved the National Strategic Plan on AMR 2017-2021. One of the strategic plans was strengthening knowledge of antimicrobial resistance (AMR) and awareness of rational antimicrobial use (AMU) among the public. The objectives of this study were to collect the activities implemented to achieve the goal of the fifth strategy by provincial public health offices, hospitals, and the Health Department of the Bangkok Metropolitan Administration. Two survey rounds were conducted from January to March 2022. The first round was for the respondents at PPH and HDBMA, and the second one was for those in hospitals. The questionnaire consisted of closed-ended questions. Descriptive statistics performed data analysis. The survey results from respondents thought knowledge training resulted in the target group having the most knowledge and awareness about AMR and AMU. The respondents used educational brochures and posters to disseminate AMR and AMU knowledge. The target groups for which the respondents organized activities to raise knowledge about AMR and awareness of AMU were public health professionals and patients. The survey how much the activities organized or conducted by the survey respondents focused on content issues in knowledge and awareness most survey respondents emphasized all issues, with an average score of more than 4 out of 5. These findings show a need for suitable activities to promote knowledge of AMR and raise awareness of AMU to target groups.</p> Shinnawat Saengungsumalee, Yupadee Sirisinsuk, Anuchai Theeraroungchaisri Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2929 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Guidelines for the Development School Management According to the Sufficiency Economy Philosophy under Roi-Et Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2915 <p> The purposes of this research were to 1) study the current state, desirable state and need analysis for school management according to the sufficiency economy philosophy under Roi-Et Primary educational service area office 2 2) study guidelines for the development school management according to the sufficiency economy philosophy under Roi-Et primary educational service area office 2. The research process was divided to 2 phases: Phase 1 ; to study the current state, desirable state and need analysis for school management according to the sufficiency economy philosophy. The sample group used in the research was administrators and teachers, 335 people, by stratified sampling. The research tool was a questionnaire, confidence of the whole .79. The statistics used for data analysis were mean and standard deviation. Phase 2; to study guidelines for the development school management according to the sufficiency economy philosophy. The target group is 7 experts. The research tool was interview form, data analysis by content analysis and assessment form, data analysis were mean, percentage, standard deviation.</p> <p> The research results were found that</p> <ol> <li>The current state in overall was high average and the desirable state in overall was in the highest level. The need analysis for school management rank from high to low level was 1) management 2) curriculum and teaching 3) student development activities 4) personnel development</li> <li>Guidelines for the development school management according to the sufficiency economy philosophy under Roi-Et primary educational service area office 2, Include, 1) management, 3 guidelines 2) curriculum and teaching, 3 guidelines 3) student development activities, 3 guidelines 4)personnel development, 2 guidelines. Evaluation, feasibility and utility was the highest in overall.</li> </ol> Pichakorn Kongkan, Kritkanok Duangchatom Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2915 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Skills of School Administrators Effective to Early Childhood Academic Administration of Schools Under the Office of Primary Educational Service Area, Loei Province https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2956 <p> The objectives of this research were (1) the skill level of school administrators in schools under the Office of Primary Educational Service Area, Loei Province. (2) the level of academic administration at the early childhood level in schools under the Office of Primary Educational Service Area, Loei Province. (3) the relationship between the skills of school administrators and academic administration at the early childhood level in schools under the Office of Primary Educational Service Area, Loei Province. (4) To study the skills of school administrators that affect academic administration at the early childhood level in schools under the Office of Primary Educational Service Area, Loei Province. The sample were school administrators and teachers 285 people. The research tool was a 5-level scales questionnaire with a confidence value of 0.948 The statistics used in this study were descriptive statistics is Frequency, Percentage, Mean, standard deviation and Inferential statistics is Pearson’s Product moment correlation coefficient, Multiple Regression Analysis using Stepwise for identify the level of significance the predictive power. The results of the study revealed as follows: 1. The skills of school administrators in schools under the Office of Primary Educational Service Area, Loei Province, overall was at a high level. 2. The academic administration of the early childhood programs in schools under the Office of Primary Educational Service Area, Loei Province, overall was at a high level. 3. The relationship between the skills of school administrators and academic administration at the early childhood level in schools under the Office of Primary Educational Service Area, Loei Province using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient had a positive relationship with a highest level at the .01 level of significance. 4. The five aspects of skills of school administrators as intellectual stimulation, Technical Skills, Education and Instructional Skills, Human Skills could predict the innovative organization at the .01 level of significance with the predictive power of 84.30 percent and the standard error of estimate of ± 0.18728.</p> phawinee phonwiangkham, Boonchuay Sirikase Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2956 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 A Construction of the Learning Thai Language Diagnostic Test in Strand 5: Literature and Literary Works for Mathayomsuksa 3 Students under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office Sakon Nakhon https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2966 <p> The purposes of this research were 1) to construct the learning Thai language diagnostic test in strand 5: literature and literary works 2) to assess the quality of the learning Thai language diagnostic test in strand 5: literature and literary works 3) to find a norm of the learning Thai language diagnostic test in strand 5: literature and literary works 4) to write a manual for using of the learning Thai language diagnostic test in strand 5: literature and literary works for Mathayomsuksa 3 Students. The sample consisted of 580 Matthayomsuksa 3 students under the Secondary Educational Service Area Office Sakon Nakhon in the second semester of the 2022 academic year selected by multi-stage random sampling. The research instruments were a test to investigate literary learning issues and the learning Thai language diagnostic test. The mean, percentage, standard deviation, content validity, index of difficulty, index of discrimination, reliability was used for data analysis.</p> <p> The findings of this research were as follows:</p> <ol> <li>The learning Thai language diagnostic test in strand 5: literature and literary works for Mathayomsuksa 3 students. The first test analysis was found that the value of the Index of Item Objective Congruence (IOC) was between 0.60 - 1.00. The second test analysis was found that 30 items in all three tests. The difficulty value of the items and the value of the discrimination were between 0.29 - 0.77 and 0.33 - 0.70 respectively. The reliability of the test was between 0.83 - 0.92.</li> <li>Summary of learning defects in Thai language on Strand 5: literature and literary works for Mathayomsuksa 3 students. The causes of defects in learning Thai literature are discussed. The students' deficiencies in learning Thai literature as follows: Summaries the content of the literature, literary works and local literary works at even more difficult level. Analyze Thai way of life and values from the literature and literary works read. Summaries knowledge and the ideas from reading and apply them to real life. Memories the recitations prescribed and the verses with their interests.</li> <li>The norm of the learning Thai language diagnostic test on Strand 5: literature and literary works for Mathayomsuksa 3 students. The result was found that the score of the learning Thai language diagnostic test on Strand 5: literature and literary works for Mathayomsuksa 3 students was between T15 to T80.</li> <li>The manual for using of the learning Thai language diagnostic test in strand 5: literature and literary works for Mathayomsuksa 3 Students. The components of the test manual were the definition of the test, the goal of establishing a diagnostic test, the structure of the diagnostic test, the quality of the diagnostic test, how to administer the test and score it.</li> </ol> Jaturong Sodsen, Patcharin Chompuwiset Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2966 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The public's satisfaction with the utility services of Ban Niwet Municipality, Thawatburi District, Roi Et Province https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3022 <p> The objectives of this research were: 1. To study the people's satisfaction towards public utility services of Ban Niwet Subdistrict Municipality. Thawatchaburi District Roi Et Province. 2. To study the integration of Saraniyadhamma principles with people's satisfaction towards public utility services of Ban Niwet Subdistrict Municipality. Thawatchaburi District Roi Et Province. 3. To study the relationship between Saraniyadhamma principles and people's satisfaction toward public utility services of Ban Niwet Subdistrict Municipality. Thawatchaburi District Roi Et Province. 4. To study the approaches for integrating the Saranee Dhamma principles to promote people's satisfaction toward public utility services of Ban Niwet Subdistrict Municipality. Thawatchaburi District Roi Et Province. The sample size was determined by the Taro Yamane formula, 345 people were analyzed by descriptive statistics and the research hypothesis was tested using Pearson's correlation analysis. Interview with 9 key informants or people.</p> <p> The results showed that</p> <p> 1) People's satisfaction towards public utility services of Ban Niwet Subdistrict Municipality Thawatchaburi District Roi Et Province Overall, it was at a high level. 2) Integrating the Saraniyadhamma principle with people's satisfaction toward public utility services of Ban Niwet Subdistrict Municipality Thawatchaburi District Roi Et Province as a whole was at a high level. 3) The relationship between Saraniyadhamma principles and people's satisfaction towards public utility services of Ban Niwet Subdistrict Municipality. Thawatchaburi District Roi Et Province Overall, there was a high level of positive correlation. 4) an approach for integrating the Saranee Dharma principles to promote people's satisfaction toward public utility services of Ban Niwet Subdistrict Municipality. Thawatchaburi District Roi Et Province It consists of 6 main Saraniyadhamma principles integration in formulating operational plans with public utility services in 4 areas: 1) structure, 2) environment and natural resource management, 3) economy and society, 4) politics and administration. In order to be able to modify or develop to meet the needs of the community / village.</p> Loedmongkhonchai Sri - ot, Siamporn Phanthachai, Sukanda Chantawaree Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3022 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Development of Learning Management Activities using the Problem Based: Organic Chemistry to Promote Problem-Solving Skills and Achievement for Students in Senior High School (Matthayom 6) https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2901 <p><strong> </strong>The aimed of this research was to study the efficiency of problem-based learning activities and study the results of operations by comparing after implement the problem-based learning activities to learning achievements of Matthayom 6 students on organic chemistry with the criteria of 75 percentage. A two operation consisting of 1) creating and finding the efficiency of problem-based learning activities, and 2) studying the results of using problem-based learning activities of organic chemistry for Matthayom 6 students. The sample were 30 students in Matthayom 6/1 by group selection. The experiment was conducted for 5 weeks. Data were analyzed by means, standard deviation and one sample t-test.</p> <p> The research founded as follows: 1) Problem-based learning activities on organic chemistry that promote problem-solving skills and academic achievement for Matthayom 6 students, there were including rational, principles, aims, content, structure of activities, activities, media and learning resources, measurement and evaluation, and user manuals. There was consists of objectives, components, guidelines for use, teacher and student roles, activity structure, activity plan, measurement and evaluation tools. The activities and manuals were appropriate at the high level ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}" /> = 4.25) and the effective were 76.67/77.43. Moreover, the (2) the students' post-learning achievement was higher than the criterion of 75 percent with a statistical significance at the .05 level and had problem-solving skills after learning at a high level ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}" /> = 4.02).</p> Suntreeya Jinaei, ภานุมาศ หมอสินธุ์ Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2901 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Personnel Management Based on Four Sublime States of Mind for Educational Institution Administrators Under Mahasarakham Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2971 <p> The objectives of this research were 1) to study the levels of personnel management based on four sublime states of mind for educational institution administrators under Mahasarakham Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 2) to compare the levels of personnel management based on four sublime states of mind for educational institution administrators under Mahasarakham Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 3) to compile the related recommendations as suggested of personnel management based on four sublime states of mind for educational institution administrators under Mahasarakham Primary Educational Service Area Office 3. The sample were administrators and teachers, totally 302 people, and 5 interviewers. The instrument used for data collection was the five-rating scale questionnaire, with content accuracy of 0.80 – 1.00, a confidence level of 0.98 and interview.</p> <p> The results showed that: 1. The level of the personnel management based on four sublime states of mind for educational institution administrators under Mahasarakham Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 Overall, it was at a highest level, considering from each side in order from the highest to the lowest average. It was found that the highest average was the personnel development, followed by the improving the quality of life, whereas the lowest was the Recruitment and appointment. 2. the results of the level of opinion comparison towards the management of the personnel management based on four sublime states of mind for educational institution administrators under Mahasarakham Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 in mention classified by position level was found statistically significant difference in overall, educational level was found that no difference in overall, and experience level was found that there were differences in each aspect of the manpower planning recruitment, the personnel development, the building morale and honoring and the improving the quality of life. 3. Recommendations for the personnel management based on four sublime states of mind for educational institution administrators under Mahasarakham Primary Educational Service Area Office 3 as suggested by following the principle and the guidelines. By analyzing the needs of the scarce fields before taking into account other fields. Publicing relations, appoint a committee, and following the systematic steps according to the principle and the guidelines. Promoting encourage personnel to increase their knowledge, ability, and experiences from both inside and outside. Emphasising on participation, paying attention, and giving the value in every personnel equally.</p> Suraphon Chalaemchit, Theeraphat Thinsandee Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2971 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Guidelines for Developing of Ordinary Scout Activities of School Under The MahaSarakham Primary Education Service Area Office 2 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3253 <p><strong> </strong>The purposes this research were to 1) study the current conditions, desirable condition and need assessment of developing of ordinary scout activities of school under the Maha Sarakham primary education service area office 2. 2) study the guidelines for developing of ordinary scout activities of school under the Maha Sarakham primary education service area office 2. The research was divided into 2 phases: Phase 1 study the current conditions, desirable condition and need assessment of developing of ordinary scout activities of school. The sample group were 309 school administrators and teachers. The research instrument were questionnaires discrimination was 0.32–0.87, reliability of .92. The statistics used for data analysis were mean and deviation standard. Phase 2: study the guidelines for developing of ordinary scout activities of school. The target groups include 9 experts for assess suitability possibility of guideline. The research instrument were interview form and assessment form of guidelines</p> <p> The results of the research were as follows:</p> <ol> <li>The current state in overall was high, the desirable state in overall was in the highest level. The need assessment rank from high to low level was 1) activity 2) scouts 3) goals or ideologies 4) administration 5) scout commanders.</li> <li>2. the guidelines for developing of ordinary scout activities of school, Include was 1) activity 7 guidelines 2) scouts 4 guidelines 3) goals or ideologies 3 guidelines 4) administration 8 guidelines 5) scout commanders 4 guidelines. Summary of guidelines evaluation, feasibility and utility was the highest in overall.</li> </ol> Kunakorn mahad, Kritkanok Duangchatom Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3253 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Administrators' Role Affecting Learning Promoting Support for the 21st Century of Primary in Schools Under Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3042 <p> The purpose of this thesis is to examine the role of school administrators in affecting the promotion of Learning management in the 21 centuries of schools under Loei Primary Education Area Office District 2 Because the role of school administrators needs to be adjusted to meet the century. 21 samples include school administrators and teacher officials, totaling 302 people. The research instrument is a questionnaire characterized by a 5-level estimation scale questionnaire by frequency distribution. Find out what per cent. average and standard deviation. The statistics used to test the hypothesis are the Pearson correlation coefficient and multiple regression analysis using the Stepwise method.</p> <p> The results of the research were as follows:</p> <ol> <li>The overall average of educational institution administrators' roles was at the highest level for all variables. 2. Learning management in the 21 century averages at a large level in all variables. 3. Relationship between the role of school manager and the organization Learning in the 21-century found that the role of school administrators was highly positively correlated (RXY=.699) statistically significant at .01 4. The role of school administrators in the learning management in the 21 century the role of school manager in 5 variables can be combined with learning management resources in the 21 centuries under the Loei Primary Education Area Office. District 2 has statistical significance at the .05 level, with the best predictive power being the adviser, followed by the facilitator. School administrators can predict learning management in the 21 centuries by 72%.</li> </ol> Kritsana Seetao, Phrakhrupalad Chakphon Siritharo Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3042 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Guidelines for Development of Servant Leadership of School Administrators Under The Secondary Educational Service Area Office Nakhon Ratchasima https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3196 <p> The purpose of this research were to study 1) desirable and necessary conditions of servant leadership of school administrators under the secondary educational service area office Nakhon Ratchasima 2) guidelines for the development of servant leadership of school administrators under the secondary educational service area office Nakhon Ratchasima. The research were divided into 2 phases. The first phase was to study condition of present, desirable, and need assesment. The sample group were 147 school administrators, 194 teacher by stratified sampling method. The research tools were 5-level rating scale questionnaire. The consistency index between 0.60 – 1.00, Reliability index .93. The statistics used for data analysis were mean, and standard deviation. The second phase was study guidelines for the development of servant leadership of school administrators including 3 steps. The first step were study and visit educational institutions that best practices. The second step was enhance the guidelines for development of servant leadership of school administrators. The target groups include 2 school for visiting best practices and 7 experts for assess suitability possibility of guideline. The research instrument were interview form and assessment form of guidelines</p> <p> The research results were found that</p> <ol> <li>The current state in overall was high average and the desirable state in overall was in the highest level. The overall present condition was at a high average level. The need assessment rank from high to low level was humility, service, awareness, empowerment, and human development.</li> <li>The guidelines for development of servant leadership of school administrators including 5 elements of 1) principle 2) purpose 3) content 4) development process and 5) measurement and evaluation. The overall assess suitability and feasibility of the guidelines were at the highest level.</li> </ol> Peeracha Chinporn, Pongphop Phoojomjit Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3196 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Administrative Factors Affecting Effectiveness of Schools under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3052 <p> The purposes of this research were 1) to study the level of administrative factors under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu, 2) to study the level of effectiveness of schools under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu, 3) to investigate the relationship between administrative factors and effectiveness of schools under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu, 4) to study the administrative factors affecting effectiveness of schools under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu and 5) to generate the equation of forecasting the administrative factors affecting effectiveness of schools under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu. The samples consisted of school administrators and teachers, yielding a total of 323 participants working under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu in the 2022 academic year. The research instrument was a set of questionaires. Statistics for data analysis were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Pearson’s product – moment correlation coefficient and Stepwise multiple regression analysis.</p> <p> The findings were as follows: 1) The administrative factors under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu as a whole was at the high level. 2) The effectiveness of schools under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu as a whole at the high level. 3) The relationship between administrative factors and effectiveness of schools under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu had a positive relationship at the .01 level of significance overall. 4)The administrative factors comprised three aspects which were able to predict the effectiveness of schools under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu at a statistical significance of the .01 level, in terms of Personnel development, Communication and Organization structure. The said variables were able to predict the effectiveness of schools at 74.30 percent with a standard error of estimate of ±.23629. 5) The regression equation of raw scores could be summarized and standardized scores could be written as follows: </p> <p> Y<sub>t</sub>′ = .659 + .325X<sub>2</sub> + .277X<sub>7</sub> + .259X<sub>5</sub></p> <p> Z<sub>Yt</sub>′ = .341Z<sub>2</sub> + .303Z<sub>7</sub> + .300Z<sub>5</sub></p> Wilairat Kaewkam, PhrakrupaladChakrapol Siritharo Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3052 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Factor Analysis of Disruptive Leadership Characteristics of School Administrators Under Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 1 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3125 <p> The following are the research objectives of this thesis: 1) to study the components of disruptive leadership among school administrators in Loei Primary Educational Service Area 1. 2) To examine the compatibility of the Disruptive Leadership component model of Loei Primary Educational Service Area 1 school administrators with empirical data. This study's sample group consisted of 300 administrators and teachers from the Loei Primary Educational Service Area 1 during the academic year 2022.</p> <p> 1) Disruptive Leadership of school Administrators in Loei Primary Educational Service Area 1 consisted of 5 components: 1) Strategic management 2) Transformational Leader 3) Communication skill 4) Human resource management 5) Creative and positive thinking</p> <p> 2) The model for measuring the Disruptive Leadership characteristics of school administrators in Loei Primary Educational Service Area 1 is consistent with the empirical data, it was found that the p-value of ( <img title="x^{2}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?x^{2}" /> ) , Chi-Square test, RMSEA, AGFI ,SRMR NFI, NNFI ,CFI and GFI were at good level by considering the p-value of (<img title="x^{2}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?x^{2}" /> )= 0.10, Chi-Square /df= 1.14, df = 165, CFI = 0.99, GFI = 0.95, RMSEA = 0.02, SRMR = 0.02</p> Atiporn Suebsai, Pim-on Sod-ium Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3125 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Guideline for Development Educational Institutions are Learning Organizations in The Network Group to Promote the Efficiency of Special Education Center Network 9 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3257 <p><strong> </strong>The purposes this research were to 1) study the current conditions, desirable condition and need assessment of development educational institutions are learning organizations in the network group to promote the efficiency of special education center network 9. 2) study and evaluation the guideline for development educational institutions are learning organizations in the network group to promote the efficiency of special education center network 9. The research was divided into 2 phases: Phase 1 study the current conditions, desirable condition and need assessment of development educational institutions are learning organizations. The sample group were 291 school administrators and teachers. The research instrument were questionnaires. The statistics used for data analysis were mean and deviation standard. Phase 2: study and evaluation the guideline for development educational institutions are learning organizations. The target groups include 9 experts for assess suitability possibility of guideline. The research instrument were interview form and assessment form of guidelines</p> <p> The results of the research were as follows:</p> <ol> <li>The current state in overall was moderate level, the desirable state in overall was in the highest level. The need assessment rank from high to low level was 1) System thinking 2) Personal mastery 3) Team learning 4) Mental model 5) Shared vision</li> <li>2. the guideline for development educational institutions are learning organizations</li> </ol> <p>the guideline for development educational institutions are learning organizations was development program, Include was 1 principles, 2) objectives, 3) contents, 4) development activities, and 5) measurement and evaluation. The Content consists of 5 module Include, module 1 system thinking, module 2 personal mastery, module 3 team learning, module 4 mental model, module 5 Shared vision. Summary of guidelines evaluation, feasibility and utility was the highest in overall.</p> Umaporn Phabchanda, Kritkanok Duangchatom Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3257 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Integrative Leadership of School Administrators Affecting to 21st Century Learning Skills of School Under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nong Bua Lam Phu https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3273 <p> The purposes of this research were to 1) study the level of integrative leadership of school administrators, 2) study the level of 21<sup>st</sup> century learning skills of school, 3) study the relationship between the integrative leadership of school administrators and the 21<sup>st</sup> century learning skills of school, 4) study the integrative leadership of school administrators affecting to 21<sup>st</sup> century learning skills of school and 5) create forecasting equation of the integrative leadership of school administrators affecting to 21<sup>st</sup> century learning skills of school under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu.</p> <p> The sample consisted of 323 administrators and teachers in the school under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu. Using stratified random sampling. The instrument used in the research was a rating scale of 5 levels questionnaire with the reliability at 0.976. The statistics used for data analysis were frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation, Pearson's product moment correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression analysis.</p> <p> The results of the research showed that: 1) The integrative leadership of school administrators under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu was at the high level. 2) The 21<sup>st</sup> century learning skills of school under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu was at the high level. 3) The integrative leadership of school administrators and the 21<sup>st</sup> century learning skills of school under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu had a positive relationship at the .01 level of significance overall. 4) The integrative leadership of school administrators affecting to the 21<sup>st</sup> century learning skills of school under Secondary Educational Service Area Office Loei Nongbualamphu found that two aspects which were able to predict the 21<sup>st</sup> century learning skills of school at a statistical significance of the .01 level, Consisted of team work and creativity . The two aspects can predict variable 67.00 percent with a standard error of estimate of ± .27713. 5) The regression equation of raw scores could be summarized and standardized scores could be written as follows:</p> <p>Y´ = 1.628 +.469 (X<sub>1</sub>) +.180 (X<sub>3</sub>)</p> <p>Z´<sub>Y</sub> = .603 (Z<sub>1</sub>) + .260 (Z<sub>3</sub>)</p> Adisorn Poonsawat, Chissanapong Sonchan Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3273 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Guideline for Development Learning Administration in The New Normal Era of Schools Under Maha sarakham Primary Educational Service Area Office 1 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3269 <p><strong> </strong>The purposes this research were to 1) study the current conditions, desirable condition and need assessment of learning administration in the new normal era of schools under Maha sarakham primary educational service area office 1. 2) study guideline for development learning administration in the new normal era of schools under Maha sarakham primary educational service area office 1. The research was divided into 2 phases: Phase 1 study the current conditions, desirable condition and need assessment of learning administration in the new normal era of schools. The sample group were 320 school administrators and teachers. The research instrument were questionnaires, discrimination was 0.32–0.87, reliability of .84. The statistics used for data analysis were mean and deviation standard. Phase 2: study guideline for development learning administration in the new normal era of schools. The target groups include 7 experts for assess suitability possibility of guideline. The research instrument were interview form and assessment form of guidelines</p> <p> The results of the research were as follows:</p> <ol> <li>The current state in overall was low level, the desirable state in overall was in the highest level. The need assessment rank from high to low level was 1) teaching and learning, 2) teacher development, 3) educational evaluation, 4) new resource management, 5) curriculum administration.</li> <li>2. The guideline for development learning administration in the new normal era of schools, Include was 1 principles, 2) objectives, 3) contents, 4) development activities, and 5) measurement and evaluation. The Content consists of 5 modules, Include, Module 1 teaching and learning, Module 2 teacher development, Module 3 educational evaluation, Module 4 new resource management, Module 5 curriculum administration, Summary of guidelines evaluation, feasibility and utility was the highest in overall.</li> </ol> Nattawut Wayopat, Kritkanok Duangchatom Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3269 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Leadership Style of School Administrators Effective to Hing Performance Organization of Schools Under Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 1 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3275 <p><strong> </strong>Schools, as educational organizations, need to develop into high-performance organizations. Because the world in the 21st century is a dynamic world with rapid changes. Managers must use several leadership styles for each situation. in order to be able to perform missions to achieve the objectives effectively.</p> <p><strong> </strong>The purposes of this research were to study 1) study compliance level of leadership style of school administrators in the schools under Loei primary educational service area office 1, 2) study the level of the professional learning community in the schools in the schools under Loei primary educational service area office 1, 3) study the relationship between the leadership style of school administrators and the professional learning community in the schools in the schools under Loei primary educational service area office 1, 4) Leadership style of school administrators effective to high performance organization of schools under loei primary educational service area office 1, and 5) create a predicative equation of the Leadership style of school administrators effective to high performance organization of schools under loei primary educational service area office 1. The sample was a group of 299 School Administrators’ and teachers in the schools under Loei primary educational service area office 1 in the academic year 2022. The research tool was a questionnaire. Statistics used to analyze data by frequency, percentage, average, standard deviation, Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient analysis, and stepwise multiple regression analysis.</p> <p> The results of the study revealed as follows: 1) Leadership style of school administrators in the schools under Loei primary educational service area office 1, both overall and individual aspects, were at the high level, 2) The high performance organization of schools under Loei primary educational service area office 1, both overall and individual aspects, was at the high level, 3) The leadership style of school administrators and high performance organization of schools under loei primary educational service area office 1 had a positive relationship with a high level at the .01 level of significance. 4) leadership style of school administrators as achievement - oriented leadership, supportive leadership and participative leadership, consideration could predict the high performance organization of schools under loei primary educational service area office 1 at the .01 5) achievement - oriented leadership, supportive leadership and participative leadership effective to high performance organization of schools under loei primary educational service area office 1. It could concurrently predict at 58.20%. The predictive equation could be written in form of standard scores as follow: = 0.273(x<sub>3</sub>) + 0.269(x<sub>4</sub>) + 0.225(x<sub>1</sub>)</p> Chugkapong Maneerat, Boonchuay Sirikase Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3275 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Core Competencies of Labour Specialist of Social Security Office https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3263 <p><strong> </strong>The objectives of this research were to study civil servants core competency level in Labour Specialist Position of Social Security Office, and to compare civil servants core competency in Labour Specialist Position of Social Security Office. Classified by personal characteristics, as survey research. The questionnaire was used as a tool for collecting data. The collecting data from Social Security Office in Labour Affairs for 290 people. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics were frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation. And inferential analysis were t-test, F-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The results of the research were as follows.</p> <p> The civil servant competency in Labour Specialist Position of Social Security Office, in overall found that it was at a high level ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}" />= 4.30). After considering in aspect found that civil servant in Labour Specialist Position of Social Security Office have highest core competency in adhering to accuracy and ethics, with the average being at the highest level ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}" />= 4.61). Followed by achievement - oriented and good service, with the average being at the high level (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}" /> = 4.48). For team work have average at high level ( <img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}" />= 4.21). For accumulation of proficiency in a career have average at high level (<img title="\bar{x}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\bar{x}" /> = 4.06), respectively. When comparing civil servants core competency in Labour Specialist Position of Social Security Office, classified by personal characteristics found that civil servant in Labour Specialist Position of Social Security Office with different genders have no difference in core competencies. While civil servant in Labour Specialist Position of Social Security Office with different in ages, levels of education, position levels and working period of time in different position, have different core competencies in significantly different which is in accordance with the assumptions that have been set at the statistical level of .01.</p> Sutasinee Manosuwankoon, Wanwipha Tailangka, Sanit Sirivisitkul Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3263 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 21st Century Administrator’s Skills Effective to Professional Learning Community of Schools Under Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 1 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3274 <p> Changes in the 21<sup>st</sup> century have resulted in school administrators having to develop the skills needed to develop the education system in response to the changes. professional learning community It is a process of creating change by learning from the work of a group of people coming together to develop learning management.</p> <p> The 21<sup>st</sup> century school administrators’ skills are management abilities in accordance with the mission that requires cooperation between the teachers and the administrators, which is important to the professional learning community in the schools. Therefore, the purposes of this research were to: 1) study the 21st century school administrators’ skill level, 2) study the level of the professional learning community in the schools, 3) study the relationship between the 21<sup>st</sup> century school administrators’ skills and the professional learning community in the schools, 4) study the 21<sup>st</sup> century school administrators’ skills affecting the professional learning community in the schools, and 5) create a predicative equation of the 21st century school administrators’ skills affecting the professional learning community in the schools under Loei primary educational service area office 1. The sample was a group of 299 School Administrators’ and teachers in the schools under Loei primary educational service area office 1 in the academic year 2022. The research tool was a questionnaire. Statistics used to analyze data by frequency, percentage, average, standard deviation, Pearson’s product moment correlation coefficient analysis, and stepwise multiple regression analysis.</p> <p>The results of the study revealed as follows: 1) The 21<sup>st</sup> century school administrators’ skills. Overall, is at high level. 2) The professional learning community in the schools of the schools. Overall, is at high level. 3) The 21<sup>st</sup> century school administrators’ skills and the professional learning community in the schools under Loei primary educational service area office 1 using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient had a positive relationship with a high level. 4) The five aspects of the 21<sup>st</sup> century school administrators’ skills as Technology skills, administrative skills, Leadership skills, Creativity skills and communication skills, consideration could predict the professional learning community in the schools at the .01 level of significance with the predictive power of 56.70 (R<sup>2</sup> = 0.567) percent and the standard error of estimate of ± 0.26886</p> Tanutcha Phunsangka, Boonchuay Sirikase Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3274 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Strategy Development for Educational Resource Management of Secondary Schools Under The secondary Educational Service Area Office Kalasin https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3189 <p> The objectives of this research were 1) to study the current conditions, desirable conditions and needs assessment for the management of educational resources in secondary schools under the secondary educational service area office Kalasin. and 2) proposed a strategy for educational resource management of secondary schools under the secondary educational service area office Kalasin, The research was divided into 2 phases. Phase 1. Studied the current situation desirable and needs assessment, The target group is 7 experts to examine components and indicators. and a sample of 322 people to study the current conditions, desirable conditions . The research tools were interview forms and questionnaires. The confidence value of the whole version was equal to .94. Phase 2. proposed a strategy for managing the educational resources of secondary schools. The target group is a group of 17 experts in the workshop and a group of 34 experts participating in the public hearing. The research results found that</p> <ol> <li>The overall current condition is average at a moderate level. The overall desirable condition was at a high level. Overall needs assessment were PNI Modified = 0.30. The aspect with the highest needs index was educational resource management and planning. followed by management of educational resources in the field of assessment and management of educational resources in operation, respectively. The components of educational resources consisted of 1) Human resource, 2) Money resource, 3) Material resource, and 4) Premise resource.</li> <li>Educational resource management strategies of secondary schools under the secondary educational service area office Kalasin, consists of 4 main strategies, 9 secondary strategies, and 43 strategies at the operational level. And the results of the strategic evaluation in terms of suitability and consistency were at a high average level. The possibility part and overall usefulness were at the highest average level.</li> </ol> Kusumawadee Phonrueangthong, Kritkanok Duangchatom, Pongphop Phoojomjit Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3189 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Educational Administration Based on the Four Principles of Educational Institution Administrators Affects the Teaching and Learning Activities of Teachers in the 21st Century of Schools Under the Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3302 <p> The objectives of this research were to study 1) to study the management level using the principle of influence 4 of school administrators in schools under the Office of Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 2) to study the level of learning management of teachers. 21st century in schools under the Office of the Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 3) to study the relationship of the use of dominance 4 in educational administration and learning management of teachers in the 21st century in schools under the office of the area. Loei Primary Educational Service Area 2 4) to study the administrative factors according to the Principle of Influence 4 that affect learning management of teachers in the 21st century in schools under the Office of Loei Primary Educational Service Area 2 of school administrators. And 318 school teachers, which were obtained from the sample size table from Kerjcie and Morgan's table with 90% confidence. proportional (Proportional stratified random sampling) according to the district area of the school. The research tool was an estimation scale questionnaire. Statistics used to analyze data It consists of frequency and percentage, mean and standard deviation, Pearson's Product Moment Correlation Coefficient and Multiple Regression Analysis.</p> <p> The results showed that</p> <ol> <li>Administration based on the principle of influence 4 of school administrators under the Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 were at a high level.</li> <li>The 21st century teacher's learning management of schools under the Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 2 was at a high level.</li> <li>The relationship between the management based on the principle of influence 4 of school administrators with learning management of teachers in the 21st century of schools under the Office of Loei Primary Educational Service Area 2 found that there was a positive relationship and a relationship in the same direction. There was a very high correlation coefficient equal to 0.629 with a statistical significance at the .01 level.</li> <li>Administration based on the principle of power 4 of school administrators That affects learning management of teachers in the 21st century of schools under the Office of Loei Primary Educational Service Area Office 2, it was found that all terms of school It was a variable that could predict learning management of teachers in the 21st century with a statistical significance at the .01 level, with a prediction efficiency of 0.405.</li> </ol> Phongphisut tevada, Boonchuay Sirikase Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3302 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Transformational Leadership of School Administrators Affecting Performance Morale of Teachers Under Amnat Charoen Primary Educational Service Area Offices https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3409 <p><strong> </strong>Performance morale Is one of the factors that are important in the performance of the operators are enthusiastic. and confidence in performance Therefore, executives must have ways to build morale. Because morale and encouragement are important. And it is very useful to manage the work successfully. The purposes of this research were to study (1) examine the transformational leadership of the administrators of the schools Amnat Charoen primary educational service area office (2) investigate the Performance Morale of teachers under Amnat Charoen primary educational service area offices (3) examine the relationship between the transformational leadership of the administrators and the Performance Morale of teachers under Amnat Charoen primary educational service area offices (4) examine the transformational leadership of the administrators affecting Performance Morale Of teachers under Amnat Charoen primary educational service area offices The sample were school administrators and teachers 331 people. The research tool was a 5-level scales questionnaire with a confidence value of .728. The statistics used in this study were descriptive statistics is Frequency, Percentage, Mean, standard deviation and Inferential statistics is Pearson’s Product moment correlation coefficient, Multiple Regression Analysis using Stepwise for identify the level of significance the predictive power.</p> <p><strong> </strong>The results of the study revealed as follows: 1) The transformational leadership of the administrators of the schools under Amnat Charoen primary educational service area offices was overall at a high level. 2) The performance morale of teachers under Amnat Charoen primary educational service area offices was overall at a high level. 3) The relationship between the transformational leadership of the administrators and the performance morale of teachers under Amnat Charoen primary educational service area offices using Pearson’s Product Moment Correlation Coefficient had a positive relationship with a highest level at the .01 level of significance. 4) The four aspects of the transformational leadership of the administrators as intellectual stimulation, idealized influence or charisma, inspirational motivation, individualized consideration could predict the innovative organization at the .01 level of significance with the predictive power of 54.50 (R<sup>2</sup> = 0.545) percent and the standard error of estimate of ± 0.27783. 5) the regression equation of raw scores could be summarized and standardized scores could be written as follows</p> <p> Equation in raw score.</p> <p> <img title="\hat{Y}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\hat{Y}" />= 1.686 + 0.276 (IC) + 0.185 (II) + 0.128 (IS)</p> <p> The forecast of the variance.</p> <p> <img title="\hat{Z}" src="https://latex.codecogs.com/gif.latex?\hat{Z}" />= 0.422 (IC) + 0.262 (II) + 0.164 (IS)</p> Pengjun koton, Boonchuay Sirikase Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3409 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 School Administration According to Brahmavihara 4 of School Administrators under Loei Provincial Office of the Non-Formal and Informal Education https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3028 <p>The objectives of the research were: 1) to study the school administration according to Brahmavihara 4 of school administrators under Loei Provincial Office of the Non-Formal and Informal Education 2) to compare the school administration according to Brahmavihara 4 of school administrators under Loei Provincial Office of the Non-Formal and Informal Education classified by, gender, age and work experience, and 3) to study the ways to develop the school administration according to Brahmavihara 4 of school administrators under Loei Provincial Office of the Non-Formal and Informal Education The sample was 162 teachers The instrument used for data collection was the five-level rating scale questionnaire, reliability value of .944 and structured interview. The statistics used to analyze the data were: Frequency, Percentage, Mean, Standard Deviation, t-test (Independent Samples), F-test (One-Way ANOVA) and interview by content analysis.<br />The research results were as follows: <br />1) The statistic scores of the school administration according to Brahmavihara 4 of school administrators under Loei Provincial Office of the Non-Formal and Informal Education in overall was at a high level, arranging in descending order; equanimity, loving-kindness, sympathetic joy and compassion.<br />2) The comparative scores of the school administration according to Brahmavihara 4 of school. administrators under Loei Provincial Office of the Non-Formal and Informal Education classified by gender, age and work experience were found not to be different.<br />3) The ways to develop the school administration according to Brahmavihara 4 of school under Loei Provincial Office of the Non-Formal and Informal Education found that 1) Loving- kindness; the administrators should give love and good desire to subordinates, should give them recommendations about working, assign tasks appropriately, maintain unity and work happily with success. 2) Compassion; the administrators should give subordinates advice and problems solution with self-domination, dominance and working. Supporting self-development and various welfare. 3) Sympathetic joy; the administrators appreciate to subordinates when they are successful and prosperous with sincerely, 4) Equanimity; the administrators are fair and reasonable, do not judging as prejudice and give equal importance to everyone 's duties. </p> sophita seekam, Phrakrupalad Chakrapol Siritharo Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3028 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The Development of Working Memory Abilities of Early Childhood Children with Learning Activities According to The Principle of Iddhipada https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3415 <p><strong> </strong>The purpose of this research was to develop working memory of preschool children through learning activities based on Iddhipad 4 education and to compare for preschool children. before and after educational game activities The sample consisted of 25 male and female early childhood children, aged 3-4 years old, studying in kindergarten 1, semester 1, academic year 2022, of Wiang Theung Sub-district Municipal School. was obtained by selective selection method. The research tool was an activity plan using an educational game. and a mathematical skill assessment form for preschool children Statistics used to analyze data Including the average percentage standard deviation</p> <p> The results showed that of preschool children, kindergarten 1, before and after organizing educational game activities The average score was 3.76 points and 8.32 points, respectively. And when comparing the scores before and after the educational game activities, it was found that the scores after the educational game activities were higher than before the educational game activities. Statistically significant at the 0.05 level.</p> Pongsakorn Anupan, Phrapalad Soravit Aphipanyo, Phrakhrupalad Maroot Wormoklalo Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3415 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Implimentation of Good Governance of Administrators in Schools Administrators Under Loei Provincial Office of the Non-formal and Informal Education https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3405 <p><strong> </strong>Leading good governance used in Loei provincial office of the non-formal and informal education found that using good governance wasn’t in the plan and projects to operate for supporting administration and good governance process earnestly. The purposes of this research were (1) to study the level of teacher’s opinion toward applying good governance used in the school administration under Loei provincial office of the non-formal and informal education, (2) to compare the level of teacher’s opinion toward leading good governance used in the school administration under Loei provincial office of the non-formal and informal education following variable, gender, age, educational degree, work position and years of experience in work, and (3) to study the guideline in the development of applying the good governance used in the school administration under Loei provincial office of the non-formal and informal education.</p> <p> The used sample in the study were administrators and teachers 170 people under Loei provincial office of the non-formal and informal education working in academic year 2022. The research tools was a 5-level scales questionnaire with a confidence value of 0.986. The statistics used in this study was a basic statistic: 1. percentage 2. mean 3. standard deviation 4. t-test and f-test 6. the interview analysis of applying good governance used in the school administration.</p> <p> The results of the study were found that</p> <ol> <li>The teacher’s opinion toward applying good governance used in the school administration under Loei provincial office of the non-formal and informal education was at highest level.</li> <li>The comparison of the level of teacher’s opinion toward leading good governance used in the school administration under Loei provincial office of the non-formal and informal education following variable, gender, age, educational degree, work position and years of experience in work did not differ statistically significant at the 0.05 level.</li> </ol> Suphachai Thongsri, Prakrupaladchakkapol Siridharo Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3405 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Achievement Motivation for Learning Management According to Iddhibaht Principle 4 of Teachers under the Division of Education Saraburi Province https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3428 <p> The objectives of this research were 1) to study the level of achievement motivation for learning management according to the Iddharbat 4 principle, 2) to compare the achievement motivation for learning management according to the Iddharbat 4 principle, 3) to study the approach. Promoting the use of computers for learning management according to the principle of influence 4 of teachers under the Division of Education Saraburi Province The research model is a merged method. The target group used in this research were teachers under the Division of Education. Saraburi Province in the amount of 400 people who provide important in-depth information are teachers under the Education Division. Saraburi Province, 7 people, experts 6 photos/person, total 13 photos/person by purposive selection method. The tools used in the research were questionnaires, interview forms. Statistics used in data analysis were percentage, mean, standard deviation and content analysis.</p> <p> The results showed that: 1) Achievement motivation Level for learning management according to Iddhipada 4 was at a high level overall at a high level, namely 4) Personal Unconcern at a high level, namely work (Work) 2) Gender, age and level of education had achievement motivation for learning management. According to Idthibat 4, the differences were statistically significant at the 0.01 level.3) Guidelines for Promotion of Achievement Motivation for Learning Management According to the Principle of Influence 4 of Teachers under the Division of Education Saraburi province are: Chantha (satisfaction) is having to create an attitude to be satisfied with technology Viriya (determination) is having to try to learn about computers Jitti (intention) is having to study and develop potential. Technology Vimangsa (consideration, improvement, development) i.e., technology capability should be fully developed. Learn to go through each program until fluent. Choose a program that meets the needs of the learners.</p> Atichai Sojisirikul, Phrapalad Soravit Aphipanyo, Phrakhrupalad Maroot Wormoklalo Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3428 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Relationship Between Participation of Teachers and Effectiveness of Schools Under Loei Primary Education Service Area Office 1 https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3407 <p><strong> </strong>Lack of efficiency in the administration of education is the centralization of power in the central too much. lack of participation the purposes of this research were to study 1) To study the level of teachers' participation in school administration. Under the Office of Loei Primary Education Service Area 1 2) to study the level of school effectiveness Under the Office of Loei Primary Education Service Area 1, 3) to study the relationship between teachers' participation in school administration and school effectiveness. Under the Office of Loei Primary Education Service Area 1. The sample were school administrators and teachers 306 people. The research tool was a 5-level scales questionnaire with a confidence value of .956. The instrument used in this study was questionnaires. The statistics used in the analysis are frequency, percentage, mean, standard deviation and Pearson’ simple correlation coefficient.</p> <p> The results of the study revealed as follows:</p> <ol> <li>Teacher participation in school administration Under the Office of the Loei Primary Educational Service Area, Region 1, overall and each aspect had a high average level. by being able to rank the average from the highest to the lowest as follows: participation in the operation, followed by the participation in the benefits. Participation in decision-making and the aspect with the lowest mean was the aspect of participation in the evaluation, respectively.</li> <li>school effectiveness the educational institutes under the Office of Primary Educational Service Area, Loei District 1, overall and each side had overall averages at a high level. When considering each aspect, it was found that they were at a high level in all aspects. The aspect with the highest average was adaptation, followed by organizational mind. and the aspect with the lowest average was integration.</li> <li>Teacher participation in school administration and school effectiveness under the office of Loei Primary Educational Service Area 1 found that there was a positive relationship at a high level (r = .753) with statistical significance at the .01 level.</li> </ol> Pronpirom Kaenti, Boonchuay Siriket Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3407 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Creative Leadership Based on Yonisomanasikara of School Administrators https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2970 <p> This article aims to study the creative leadership according to the Yonisomasikara principal of school administrators. The study found that the creative leadership of school administrators is the leader who exhibits creative behavior and thinks thoroughly in various situations. and issues There is a process to solve problems in the current situation in a correct way. There is a process to solve problems that are clear and correct. Be a leader who is constantly learning, constantly evolving, and has a positive attitude towards the world and towards life. Believe in the worth and potential of yourself and others. have creative ideas Know how to use the crisis as an opportunity to manage people, manage money, and resources available at educational institutions. by relying on both external and internal factors to support each other The most important thing is to have good friends with colleagues. Or that is an external factor that will help strengthen the faith to happen in the right way. and to think in the right way by using methodical thinking based on wisdom and cover all relevant dimensions to develop right view that will lead people to behave in performing their duties by the principle of “Yonisomanasikara”, a thinking technique that is useful for educational institute administration. Able to use in thinking, planning in school administration, work, solving problems, helping in making decisions, analyzing, and following up on work plans. Emphasizing on 4 main concepts: thinking using various methods (Planning) right thinking to get to the truth, thinking in an orderly way. It is an episode in order of cause and effect. no confusion (Prima sikha), cause-and-effect thinking Find cause-and-effect relationships that result in a chain of consequences (Manikara) and goal-oriented thinking. Set results in advance to encourage yourself to accomplish your goals (Upadakamonasikarn).</p> Banjong Lawalee Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/2970 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 The influence of the Buddhist way of life led to the emergence of Thai dancing arts and culture https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3132 <p> Buddhism is considered a religion that has been important to the lives of Thai people in all regions for many centuries, affecting the lives of Thai people since the past. Living in modern times focuses on the pursuit of happiness in life. Whether it's physical happiness and mental happiness. However, the way of living according to Buddhist principles has affected the birth of Thai dancing arts that focus on physical and mental happiness in various ways. Depending on the context, different areas of the region of Thailand lead to the emergence of artistic and dramatic arts that the author will present, consisting of the northern region, which is a candle dance to offer to the Lord Buddha according to the views of the Lanna Thai people, etc. The eastern region north It is a Mor Lam Klon performance. In that verse, you will find the verse that says the worship of superhuman beings in the form of praying for blessings from the sacred things that belong to Buddhism, such as the Buddha, the Noble Sangha in Buddhism. traditional performing arts Concealed the essence of religious teachings and the southern region as a manorah, which is both expressed as a story and based on beliefs that are rituals. In a case study of the Sunday Buddhist Study Center led by Phrakhru Adulvirakhom, the abbot of Chonlatharawat Temple, Tanyongmat Subdistrict, Rangae District, Narathiwat Province, etc.</p> Sarunyaput Sripen Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3132 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700 Morals and Ethics of Thai Educational Personnel https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3264 <p><strong> </strong>Thai of educational personnel morality and ethics, which means behaving in the teaching profession that is full of values of right and appropriateness in a way that produces the highest benefits according to duties, does not cause suffering to anyone or anything, not contrary to the law of the country, must be reviewed. Thailand adopted an educational system from the west which emphasizes knowledge and competency in academic and professional abilities are important. Even educational personnel are regarded as the precursor. Comprehensive education should be a moderate practice that provides people with wisdom, morality, and concentration. The author will present Threefold Training or moderate practice, expanding into the Noble Eightfold Path. Virtues of the King are the principle of conduct and practice. Even if it means dharma for the king, teachers should put it into practice as it is a dharma that protects and makes them prosperous and safe. Moral ethics are dharma that are tools used to get rid of what is undesirable, that is, what causes suffering of all kinds. Thailand should revive a curriculum to teach educational personnel to behave in a manner full of morality and ethics.</p> Saowanan Kwankaew Copyright (c) 2023 RATANABUTH JOURNAL https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0/ https://so07.tci-thaijo.org/index.php/rtnb/article/view/3264 Thu, 31 Aug 2023 00:00:00 +0700