The Development of Track and Field Learning Management Model for High-Performance Athletics in Guangzhou
Keywords:High Performance Athletic; , Learning Management Model; , University Track and Field Athletic
Background and Aim: In the construction of a sports powerhouse, the government has paid more and more attention to the training of track and field athletics, and learning management is one of the important components of the management of track and field athletics. The deviation of cultural achievements of Universities Track and Field Athletes exposes the inadequacy of the learning management model, optimizing the learning management model is an effective measure to improve the comprehensive quality of track and field athletics. This study was to construct a model of learning management of Universities Track and Field Athletes in Guangzhou.
Materials and Methods: This study employs the methods of in-depth interviews, questionnaire surveys, the Delphi method, and mathematical statistics. Based on the POLC theory, this article analyzes the current situation of learning management modes for college track and field athletes in terms of enrollment management, program management, major management, learning process management, assessment and ranking management, and graduation management. To this end, the article summarizes the influencing factors through expert evaluations and constructs a new learning management mode. l.
Results: after analysis was found as follows： (1) Planning: implement strict enrollment management, and improve the cultural foundation of track and field athletes from the source. (2) Organization is the main structure for learning and management of college track and field athletes in Guangzhou including five parts: government, schools, academic teachers, coaches, and high-level athletes themselves. (3) Leading has established a governance system that promotes multi-party co-governance, mutual benefit, and mutual promotion establishes a unified national enrollment deadline, and postpones professional exams. And (4) Controlling reforms should be implemented in various aspects such as the recruitment of high-level athletes, professional settings, and training time for track and field athletes. The training time for athletes should not exceed 4 hours per day, ensuring that they have sufficient time for academic studies. Academic performance should be linked to training and qualification for competitions.
Conclusion: On the whole, the learning management model of university track and field athletes in Guangzhou presents the characteristics of "wide entry and wide exit", which reduces the admission requirements for cultural achievements to recruit athletes, exchange credits through sports training and competition results, implements incentive measures, and reduces course assessment requirements, etc. Ensuring that they complete cultural studies and can complete the required credits to meet graduation requirements, this "leisure" policy results in their academic level being lower than that of ordinary students.
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