The Development of Physical Education Curriculum Martial Arts Sports for the Nine Years Compulsory Education Stage of Guangdong Province
Keywords:Martial Arts; , Curriculum System; , Compulsory Education
Background and Aim: Based on the lack of existing teaching materials. The objective of this research was to construct the Wushu physical education curriculum in the nine-year compulsory education stage.
Materials and Methods: This study is a survey study. The population samples of this study are five nine-year compulsory education schools in Guangdong Province, namely Bayi Experimental School in Guangzhou, Xiaode School in Baoan District, Shenzhen, Zhongte Wenwu School in Zhuhai, Affiliated School of Foshan No. 4 Middle School, and Shantou Jinhua Overseas Chinese Pilot School. There are 369 students, 21 teachers, and 23 experts in the field of martial arts.
Results: 1) The selection of martial arts teaching content in the teacher's book of the Cantonese Education Edition is better than that of the People's Education Edition, but there are still lack of martial arts etiquette content, lack of boxing characteristics, too single theoretical content, insufficient evaluation content and content system issues still need to be improved; 2) During the implementation of teaching, there are problems such as the teaching content in the teacher's book cannot meet the needs of the class hours, the difficulty of the teaching content is not appropriate, and the sequence of the teaching content is not properly arranged, which leads to certain influences on the selection of the actual teaching content by teachers; 3) In the actual teaching implementation, teachers should make full use of lesson preparation resources in the setting of teaching content, deeply understand the new curriculum standards; they should fully analyze the academic situation, and consider the sensitive period of students' physical fitness and students' psychology. The characteristics and learning basis; should fully reflect the integrity of the content, rationally set the theoretical content, and appropriately increase the traditional boxing types, to make the teaching content system more complete.
Conclusion: In the first stage of the level, the study of theoretical knowledge such as martial arts is added. The second stage of the level emphasizes the connection between the past and the next. For the consolidation and improvement of the content of the previous stage, the practice of prescribed routines is added to strengthen the basic skills exercises. Level three adds to the learning of martial arts equipment. The fourth stage of the level enriches the theoretical knowledge and increases the practice of characteristic boxing and equipment at the level of movement technology.
Chai, G.X. (2021). Theoretical construction and empirical research on the teaching mode of "fighting and practicing in one" of martial arts in the compulsory education stage. Doctoral dissertation, East China Normal University.
Chen, D. (2004). Current Situation and Reform Countermeasures of Wushu Education and Teaching in Colleges and Universities. Journal of Yantai Normal University (Natural Science Edition), (3), 238-240
Chen, F., Geng, P.X. & Lu, S.J. (2022). The course, achievements, and prospects of the construction of martial arts teaching materials in primary and secondary schools since the founding of New China. Journal of Capital Institute of Physical Education, (5), 501-506 doi: 10.14036/j.cnki.cn11-4513.2022.05.004.
Fang, Y.L. & Lu, Y. (2009). Research on the Reform and Reconstruction of Wushu Textbooks for Primary and Secondary Schools in China. Fight. Wushu Science, (7), 69-71
Jia, C.H. (2021). Research and analysis on the integration of traditional martial arts inheritance and protection and school martial arts teaching (eds.) Protection, Research, and Inheritance. Collection of Wallpaper Exchanges at the 2021 International Conference on China's Sports Intangible Cultural Heritage (pp. 207)
Luo, Y.D., Li, H.Y., & Zhu, T.X. (2010). A systematic exploration of the teaching content of school martial arts. Sichuan Physical Education Science, (2), 107-113 doi: 10.13932/j.cnki.sctykx.2010.02.019.
Qi, H.H. (2007). Analysis of the current situation of martial arts teaching materials and teaching methods in primary and secondary schools in China. Sports Science and Technology Literature Bulletin, (5), 69-71
Qu, Z.H. (1991). Development Trend and Countermeasures of School Physical Education. Physical Education Teaching. (1), 4-6.
Tang, B., &Tang, L.J. (2011). Comparison between the Physical Education Syllabus of China's Basic Education and the Curriculum Standards of Physical Education and Health. Sports Goods and Science and Technology, (7), 89-91
Wang, Y., & Lu, Y. (2008). Research on the Content Design of Wushu Textbooks for Primary and Secondary Schools in China. Fight. Wushu Science, (5), 65-77.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2023 Shangguozi Liu, Wanit Nirantranon, Prakit Hongsaenyatham
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
Copyright on any article in the International Journal of Sociologies and Anthropologies Science Reviews is retained by the author(s) under the under the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. Permission to use text, content, images, etc. of publication. Any user to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose. But do not use it for commercial use or with the intent to benefit any business.